Name Supporting Organization (DNSO) is one of three organizations
within ICANN, known as "Supporting Organizations" or "SOs,"
that develop and recommend policies concerning the Internet's technical
management within their areas of expertise. The DNSO advises the
ICANN Board on policy issues relating to the domain name system (DNS)
-- the system of names commonly used to identify Internet locations and
resources. The domain name system translates these heirarchically-structured,
easy-to-remember names (like www.icann.org) into IP addresses that have
been assigned to specific computers.
The structure of the DNSO is established by Article
VI-B of ICANN's bylaws. By bringing together parties participating
in the operation and use of the DNS, the DNSO seeks to formulate and recommend
consensus-based policies concerning the configuration and operation of
the DNS. Under the bylaws, the DNSO consists of:
A Names Council (NC) responsible for the management of the consensus-building
process of the DNSO. The NC consists of representatives
selected by each of seven constituencies. The constituencies are self-organized
and determine their own criteria for participation.
The current constituencies are:
- ccTLD registries.
This constituency consists of managers of country-code (i.e. two-letter)
- Commercial and business entities.
This constituency represents the views and interests of those stakeholders
who use the Internet to conduct their business or part of it.
registries. This constituency consists of present operators of
and connectivity providers. The ISPCP constituency represents
entities that are in the business of operating DNS nameservers as
a service for third parties and that either operate an Internet backbone
network based on TCP/IP or provide transit either to Internet users
or to third parties' Internet content.
- Non-commercial domain name holders.
The NCDNHC consists of organizations (a) holding at least one domain
name (b) that are incorporated as a non-commercial entity or, if not
incorporated, that operate on a not-for-profit basis primarily for
non-commercial purposes and (c) that are engaged in activities that
are primarily non-commercial, including, e.g., political, educational,
religious, charitable, scientific and artistic.
This constituency is currently made up of members who meet the requirements
for being an ICANN-accredited registrar. The intention in the future
is to broaden the focus to include ccTLD registrars, and perhaps resellers
and those performing services and operations like a "registrar."
- Trademark, other intellectual
property and anti-counterfeiting interests (IPC). The IPC represents
the views and interests of users of intellectual property world-wide
with particular emphasis on trademark, copyright, and related intellectual
property rights and their effect and interaction with the DNS.
The NC has appointed Working Groups (WGs) and Task Forces
(TFs) to carry out the substantive policy-development work of the
DNSO. The currently active groups are:
- Transfers Task Force
- UDRP Review and Evaluation Task Force
- Whois Committee
Most of the activities of WGs and TFs are carried out by e-mail
A General Assembly (GA) open to all who are willing to contribute
effort to the work of the DNSO. The participants in the GA should be
individuals who have a knowledge of and an interest in issues pertaining
to the areas for which the DNSO has primary responsibility, and who
are willing to contribute time, effort and expertise to the work of
the DNSO, including work item proposal and development, discussion of
work items, draft document preparation, and participation in research
and drafting committees and working groups.
The DNSO GA maintains a general mailing list and some topic-specific
lists that are open to subscription. The DNSO maintains an index
to archives of the lists.
The DNSO operates a separate website,
where a calendar
and notes of meetings are kept and various
mailing lists are available.
Historical Documents on DNSO Formation
the layout, construction and functionality of this site
should be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org.
The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers. All rights