Site Map
ARCHIVES

Please note: You are viewing archival ICANN material. Links and information may be outdated or incorrect. Visit ICANN's main website for current information.

ICANN Meetings in Wellington, New Zealand

IPV6 Workshop

Tuesday, 28 March 2006

Note: The following is the output of the real-time captioning taken during the IPV6 Workshop held on 28 March 2006 in Wellington, New Zealand. Although the captioning output is largely accurate, in some cases it is incomplete or inaccurate due to inaudible passages or transcription errors. It is posted as an aid to understanding the proceedings at the session, but should not be treated as an authoritative record.

>>JOHN CRAIN: OKAY.
WOW, THIS ONE'S A LOT LOUDER.
CAN YOU HEAR ME NOW?
GOOD AFTERNOON, EVERYBODY.
MY NAME'S JOHN CRAIN.
I'M THE CTO AT ICANN.
WHAT WE WANT TO DO IS GIVE YOU A BRIEF UPDATE ON SOME OF THE THINGS THAT ARE GOING ON IN THE IPV6 WORLD.
HOPEFULLY JOINING US BY VIDEO CONFERENCE IS JORDI PALET, WHO WILL BE JOINING US FROM PORTUGAL.
TO MY FAR LEFT HERE IS PAUL WILSON, WITH APNIC, THE AP ADDRESS REGISTRY FOR THIS ROGER.
JOHN HOULKER HERE IS WITH THE NEW ZEALAND GOVERNMENT AND WILL LET US KNOW WHAT'S HAPPENING A LITTLE BIT IN NEW ZEALAND.
AND THEN ROGER HICKS, ALSO FROM NEW ZEALAND, WILL ALSO GIVE A LITTLE TALK ON WHAT HE'S BEEN UP TO, AND IF WE GET TIME, I'LL TALK A LITTLE BIT ABOUT IPV6 IN THE ROOT.
SO WITH THAT, I'LL HAND IT OVER TO JOHN.
>>JOHN HOULKER: THANK YOU VERY MUCH.
I'M FROM NEW ZEALAND TRADE AND ENTERPRISE .
WE ARE THE NEW ZEALAND GOVERNMENT'S ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ARM.
WE ARE REALLY PLEASED TO SEE THAT I.P. VERSION 6 IS SUCH A HOT TOPIC HERE WITH THIS REALLY LARGE AUDIENCE.
SO I'LL SPEAK FAIRLY BRIEFLY.
THE NEW ZEALAND TRADE AND ENTERPRISE INTEREST AROUND THE SUBJECT IS CHIEFLY FROM A BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY COMMERCIAL OPPORTUNITY POINT OF VIEW, AND WE'RE THINKING REALLY ABOUT FUTURE OR CURRENT AND EMERGING AND, ALTERNATELY, SIGNIFICANT GLOBAL MARKETS AROUND THIS SPACE.
I'LL TALK JUST A LITTLE BIT ABOUT OUR SOPHOMORE GENERAL GOVERNMENT POLICY VIEW AS WELL.
SO WORKING WITH OUR POLICY AGENCIES, WE KNOW THE MINISTRY OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IS KEEN TO SEE AN INDUSTRY-LED APPROACH.
THEY'RE AWARE THAT, YOU KNOW, THERE ARE IMPORTANT ISSUES AROUND I.P. VERSION 6 ADOPTION, DEPLOYMENT, AND PLANNING.
AND KEEN TO SEE A NATIONAL INITIATIVE DRIVEN BY STAKEHOLDERS IN NEW ZEALAND AROUND THESE SUBJECTS.
THERE'S ALSO BEEN SOMETHING OF A LEAD COMING FROM GOVERNMENT AGENCIES IN DEPLOYING I.P. NETWORKS.
I MENTION SPECIFICALLY THE GOVERNMENT-SHARED NETWORK BEING MANAGED AND PLANNED BY THE STATE SERVICES COMMISSION.
SO IT'S AN AREA WHERE GOVERNMENT IS PUTTING IN PLACE A TOLERABLY COMPLEX NETWORK, AND ARE KEEN TO ADOPT BEST PRACTICE AND SHOW A LEAD.
SO THEY'RE ROLLING OUT A NETWORK INFRASTRUCTURE FUNDAMENTALLY BASED ON I.P. VERSION 6.
THERE'S ALSO AN ADVANCED NETWORK INITIATIVE NOW AT THE DEPLOYMENT STAGE.
BEHIND THIS IS A SAD STORY WHICH I WOULD LIKE TO TALK ABOUT FOR A LONG TIME, BUT I WON'T.
AND THAT IS THAT NEW ZEALAND, UNLIKE THE REST OF THE DEVELOPED WORLD, DOESN'T CURRENTLY HAVE AN ACADEMIC AND RESEARCH ADVANCED NETWORK, SUCH AS INTERNET 2 OR CANARY, OR JANET.
THERE'S BEEN WORK GOING ON FOR A NUMBER OF YEARS TO FIX THAT. AND THERE'S BEEN GOVERNMENT COMMITMENT TO FUNDING AND ALSO FROM UNIVERSITIES AND GOVERNMENT RESEARCH AGENCIES.
SO THIS IS NOW IN THE DEPLOYMENT STAGE, AND THAT IS AN I.P. VERSION 6 RESEARCH AND EDUCATION NETWORK THAT'LL BE CONNECTED TO THE ADVANCED NETWORKS AROUND THE WORLD.
WITHIN GOVERNMENT, WE SEE THAT -- AND WE ALSO HEAR FROM COMPANIES THAT NEW ZEALAND CURRENTLY DOESN'T HAVE A NATIONAL I.P. VERSION 6 FORUM OR INITIATIVE OF SOME SORT.
ROGER USES THE TERM "HUI," WHICH I THINK IS A GOOD ONE.
GOVERNMENT'S KEEN TO SEE PROGRESS TO THE FORMATION OF SOMETHING ALONG THESE LINES, TOWARD AN I.P. VERSION 6 FORUM FOR NEW ZEALAND.
WE'RE SEEING A GROWING COMMITMENT TO THAT FROM ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AGENCIES, LIKE REGIONAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AGENCIES, AND COMPANIES.
I MENTION COMPANIES LIKE ALLIED TELESYN RESEARCH, WHICH IS THE ROUTER AND SWITCH R & D DIVISION OF ALLIED TELESIS, BASED IN CHRISTCHURCH.
THE CANTERBURY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, ONE OF THE REGIONAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AGENCIES, IS WORKING HARD ON THIS.
NEW ZEALAND MULTINATIONALS BASED HERE SUCH AS IBM, INTERESTED IN THE ISSUE.
SO WE SEE THAT THESE GROUPS ARE KEEN TO MAKE SOMETHING HAPPEN.
AND THERE'S, I THINK, THE VIEW THAT WE'RE KEEN TO SEE THAT, YOU KNOW, BY THE END OF 2006, THERE'LL BE SOME ACTIVITY BEGUN AND THAT THERE SHOULD BE A SPECIFIC ANNOUNCEMENT TOWARDS THIS IN COMING MONTHS.
RETURNING AGAIN TO NEW ZEALAND TRADE AND ENTERPRISE PARTICULAR FOCUS.
IT'S COULD NEW ZEALAND ICT FIRMS AND OTHERS IN RELATED SPACES BE MADE BETTER AWARE OF, YOU KNOW, WHAT PLANNING THEY MIGHT DO AND WHAT CURRENT AND EMERGING BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES THERE MIGHT BE AROUND THE WORLD.
IT SEEMS HARD TO CHARACTERIZE SOME OF THIS.
YOU KNOW, IN WHAT AREAS WOULD THIS BE THE RIGHT TIME TO START INVESTING, OR AT LEAST PLANNING.
>>JOHN CRAIN: OKAY.
THANK YOU FOR THAT.
JORDI, CAN YOU HEAR ME?
>>JORDI PALET: YES.
>>JOHN CRAIN: HI, JORDI.
FOR EVERYBODY WHO IS IN THE ROOM --
>>JORDI PALET: HI.
>>JOHN CRAIN: -- JORDI IS HOPEFULLY ON VIDEO AT THE MOMENT.
OKAY.
I'LL RUN YOUR SLIDES FOR YOU, JORDI.
SO IF YOU WANT TO GO AHEAD, I'LL GET YOUR SLIDESHOW UP.
>>JORDI PALET: YEAH, PERFECT.
YOU CAN HEAR ME CORRECTLY?
>>JOHN CRAIN: YES.
THANK YOU.
>>JORDI PALET: YOU HAVE MY AUDIO?
>>STEVE CONTE: YES, JORDI, WE CAN HEAR YOU.
CAN YOU HEAR US?
>>JORDI PALET: OKAY.
PERFECT.
THANK YOU.
SO LET US START.
OKAY.
THE IDEA OF THIS PRESENTATION IS BASICALLY TO GIVE YOU A LITTLE BIT OF IDEA ABOUT WHAT IS GOING ON WITH IPV6 AND, BASICALLY, SOME STATUS ABOUT THE DEPLOYMENT.
SO NEXT SLIDE, PLEASE.
ONE OF THE IMPORTANT THINGS THAT WE ARE TRYING TO SAY TO THE PEOPLE WHEN WE TALK ABOUT THE IPV6 IS THAT IPV6 IS NOT JUST ABOUT MORE ADDRESSES.
IT'S VERY IMPORTANT TO CLAIM THAT THERE IS A LOT OF NEW THINGS, BASICALLY, INNOVATION, WHICH CAN BE DONE WITH IPV6.
WE CAN THINK IN NEW SERVICES, NEW APPLICATIONS, NOT JUST THE TYPICAL CLIENT/SERVER APPLICATIONS THAT WE ARE USING MOST OF THE TIME TODAY.
IT'S ALSO USEFUL THAT THESE NEW SERVICES ARE EASIER TO DEPLOY WITH IPV6 BECAUSE THE END-TO-END CAPABILITIES, AND, OF COURSE, NEW SERVICES CAN GENERATE PROFIT.
NEW SLIDE, PLEASE.
OKAY.
SO ONE IMPORTANT QUESTION, OBVIOUSLY, IS ABOUT THE TRANSITION.
TODAY, WE CANNOT ASK ANYMORE IF WE ARE MOVING TO IPV6.
THAT'S CLEAR FOR EVERYONE.
AND WE HAD A LOT OF LESSONS LEARNED DURING THE LAST YEARS WHERE WE INVESTED A LOT OF EFFORT IN RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT.
SO THE QUESTION IS WHEN ARE WE MOVING TO IPV6.
AND MY ANSWER WOULD BE, BASICALLY, AS SOON AS YOU CAN.
ACTUALLY, IT WILL BE EASIER AND CHEAPER IF YOU START TODAY THAN IF YOU START IN MONTHS OR YEARS.
HOW YOU ARE GOING TO DO THAT, LOOK INTO THE MAINTAINED CYCLE OF YOUR NETWORK AND BASICALLY TRY TO UNDERSTAND THAT YOUR NETWORK IS TYPICALLY A DIFFERENT KIND OF NETWORK.
MOST OF THE TIME, YOU WILL FIND CORE OR BACKBONE NETWORK.
NEXT SLIDE, PLEASE.
OKAY.
SO IF WE LOOK FIRST AT THE CORE OR BACKBONE NETWORK, BASICALLY, THIS SHOULD BE ONE TYPE OF NETWORK, BASICALLY, IPS AND TELECOS.
THEY TEND TO HAVE NETWORKS.
IT'S REALLY EASY IN GENERAL TO MAKE THIS NETWORK SUPPORTING IPV6, LET'S SAY, MAKING IT DUAL-STACK.
IN SOME OF THE CASES, MAYBE ONLY POSSIBLE AT THE BEGINNING USING TUNNELS.
THAT'S NOT THE BIG ISSUE.
THAT'S THE REASON WHY WE HAVE ALL THESE TRANSITION MECHANISMS.
MAYBE THE POINT IS TO WAIT UNTIL YOUR UPSTREAM ROUTERS CAN BE A (INAUDIBLE) ONE.
IN ANY CASE, WE HAVE A LOT OF EXAMPLES WHERE WE CAN DEMONSTRATE THAT IPV6 IS -- CAN BE ENABLED IN REALLY RECORD TIME IN MOST OF THE NETWORKS.
NEXT SLIDE, PLEASE.
THEN WE WILL LOOK INTO THE ACCESS NETWORK.
HERE YOU MIGHT FIND SOME ADDITIONAL DIFFICULTIES.
BASICALLY, THERE ARE TWO MAIN PROBLEMS.
ONE IS, IN SOME CASES, DEPENDING ON THE TECHNOLOGY, FOR EXAMPLE, CABLE NETWORKS, THERE MAY BE TECHNOLOGY OR VENDOR DEPENDENCE THAT MAKE IT DIFFICULT TO BREAK THE BOX.
IN SPEED, YOU CAN HAVE ANOTHER DIFFICULTY MORE WHERE THE CUSTOMER PREMISES EQUIPMENT TYPICALLY VERY, VERY CHEAP, LOW-END ROUTERS, DON'T SUPPORT THE IPV6.
SO, AGAIN, SOMETIMES YOU STILL NEED TO USE TRANSITION MECHANISMS, BASICALLY, TUNNELS, IN THIS PART OF THE NETWORK.
HOWEVER, THIS IS CHANGING REALLY FAST, AND WE CAN SEE EVERY WEEK ALMOST ANNOUNCEMENTS FOR NEW VENDORS, VERY, VERY LOW-COST PRODUCTS WHICH ALREADY SUPPORT IPV6.
DESPITE THAT, IT'S CLEAR THAT WE HAVE DEVELOPED A (INAUDIBLE) STAGE.
AND THAT'S NOT AN ISSUE, AND YOU SHOULD BE ABLE TO ALREADY START MOVING TO IPV6 EVEN IN THIS SITUATION.
NEXT, PLEASE.
OKAY.
SO LOOKING INTO SOME STATISTICS ABOUT HOW IS MOVING THE DEPLOYMENT.
I HAVE LOOKED AT THESE NUMBERS ALREADY TODAY, SO IT'S REALLY, REALLY VERY FRESH.
AND I HAVE BEEN EVEN SURPRISED MYSELF, BECAUSE, FOR EXAMPLE, I DIDN'T REALIZE BEFORE THAT THERE ARE ALREADY 90 COUNTRIES WHICH HAVE ALREADY STARTED DEPLOYMENT OF IPV6.
WE CAN THINK IN VERY, VERY SMALL COUNTRIES LIKE HAITI, LATVIA, MALTA, OR EVEN BIGGER ONES LIKE GERMANY, JAPAN, OR U.S. SO WE HAVE A BIG VARIETY OF COUNTRIES ACROSS THE WORLD ALREADY DOING THIS.
CLEARLY, IT'S NOT A MATTER OF COST, BECAUSE WE HAVE ON THIS LONG LIST A LOT OF RICH COUNTRIES, BUT ALSO POOR COUNTRIES WHICH ARE ON THE SAME PICTURE.
SO THE DEPLOYMENT IN DEVELOPING REGIONS, ACTUALLY, IT'S SPINNING UP REALLY FAST COMPARED TO THE DEVELOPED REGIONS.
IF WE LOOK AT THE TOTAL NUMBER OF PREFIXES.
I AM TALKING ABOUT PRODUCTION PREFIXES THAT HAVE BEEN LOCATED, IT'S OVER 1,400 PREFIXES.
MOST OF THEM, 61%, ARE ALREADY BEING ANNOUNCED IN THE ROUTING TABLES.
AND, AGAIN, JUST TO INSIST, THIS IS JUST COUNTING THE PRODUCTION PREFIXES.
BECAUSE THE 6BONE EXPERIMENTAL NETWORK IS BEING PHASED IN AND A LOT OF PEOPLE ARE TAKING THOSE PREFIXES ALREADY ON THEIR NETWORKS.
NEXT, PLEASE.
SO, LOOKING INTO MORE THE STATISTICS BY REGIONS, WE HAVE RIPE, WITH A COUNT OF 695 PREFIXES.
THEN APNIC, ARIN, LACNIC, AND AFRINIC.
YOU HAVE ALSO IN THE SLIDE ANOTHER COLUMN IN THE TABLE WHERE YOU SEE THE EQUIVALENT SPACE ALLOCATED TO THESE REGIONS IN TERMS OF SLASH 48, WHICH IS TODAY TYPICALLY THE DEFAULT PREFIX ALLOCATED TO AN END USER.
IT'S INTERESTING TO SEE, AND WE WILL HAVE SOME SLIDES LATER ABOUT THIS, THAT REGIONS LIKE LACNIC OR AFRINIC ARE ALSO GROWING VERY, VERY FAST.
NEXT, PLEASE.
SOME MORE STATISTICS. WE HAVE THE ROW GROW IN THE NUMBER OF PREFIXES FROM 2004 TO THE END OF 2005. AND IT'S INTERESTING TO SEE THAT WE HAVE 21% GROWTH.
SO IT'S REALLY A BIG NUMBER. OF COURSE, IT CANNOT BE COMPARED TO THE FIGURES WE HAVE FOR IPV4, BUT I FEEL THAT THIS IS VERY SIGNIFICANT, ESPECIALLY WITH COMPARED TO PREVIOUS YEARS.
NEXT, PLEASE.
SIMILARLY, IF WE LOOK INTO THE ADDRESSING SPACE THAT THESE PREFIXES ARE, LET'S SAY, CONNECTING FOR TRANSIT, THE GROWTH IS ALSO VERY, VERY INTERESTING.
NEXT ONE, PLEASE.
DESPITE THAT, THE QUESTION IS HOW MUCH OF THESE FIGURES ARE REAL. WELL, BASICALLY, I WILL SAY EVEN MUCH MORE THAN WHAT WE CAN SEE RIGHT NOW.
IF YOU ASK TO A TRANSITION PROVIDER HOW MUCH IPV6 TRAFFIC THEY ARE CARRYING, TYPICALLY THEY WILL TELL YOU IT'S LESS THAN TWO OR THREE PERCENT. HOWEVER, WHAT'S ACTUALLY HAPPENING IS MOST OF THE IPV6 TRAFFIC TODAY IS STILL USING TRANSITION MECHANISM. SO THE IPV6 TRAFFIC IS (INAUDIBLE) IN IPV4 NETWORKS.
WE HAVE TRANSITION MECHANISMS LIKE 6 TO 4, TEREDO, ISATAP, AND OTHER 6 TO 4 TUNNELS CARRYING MOST OF THIS TRAFFIC.
THERE IS AN ADDRESSING STUDY FROM APRIL 2004 WHICH IS "OBSERVATIONS OF IPV6 TRAFFIC ON A 6 TO 4 RELAY," AND THIS STUDY CONCLUDED BASICALLY THAT THE 6 TO 4 RELAY, WHICH IS A VERY SMALL ONE, WHICH THIS ENTITY WHICH IS THE RESEARCH NETWORK, HAS MOVED IN ONE YEAR FROM 100,000 TO 2 MILLION OF USERS USING THE 6 TO 4 RELAY.
IF WE COUNT THE NUMBER OF 6 TO 4 RELAYS OR LET'S SAY WELL-KNOWN 6 TO 4 RELAYS IN THE WORLD WHICH IS ABOUT 50, THAT MEANS PROBABLY THERE IS 100 MILLION PEOPLE THAT IS SOMETIME USING IPV6.
NEXT, PLEASE.
SO HOW WE ACTUALLY CAN REALLY TRY TO MEASURE A LITTLE BIT BETTER WHAT IS THE REAL IPV6 TRAFFIC.
WELL, THE ONLY WAY IT SEEMS TO BE LOOKING INTO THE SERVICES. AND IF WE LOOK FOR ONE OF THE MOST COMMON SERVICES, WHICH IS WEB BROWSING, I HAVE A VERY INTERESTING EXAMPLE. THIS IS FOR THE LAST -- FOR THE FIRST NINE MONTHS OF LAST YEAR WHERE IN WEB SERVERS WHICH ARE DUAL STACK, THEY ARE NOT RATED TO TELECOM, NOT RATED TO IPV6, BUT JUST REGULAR WEB SERVERS THAT WE HAVE FOR SOME CUSTOMERS, AND WE HAVE OBSERVED THAT DURING THAT PERIOD, THE TRAFFIC WAS ALSO REACHING 12% IPV6.
WHY IS THIS BIG DIFFERENCE? I ALREADY EXPLAINED IN THE PREVIOUS SLIDE. BASICALLY IF YOU MEASURE THE HITS IN THE WEB SITE, YOU ARE REALLY CHECKING WHAT IS COMING IN IPV6 OR IPV4 REGULAR LIST OF WHO IS TRANSPORTING THAT.
SO EVEN IF IT IS TRANSITION, (INAUDIBLE).
NEXT ONE, PLEASE.
SO WHAT APPLICATIONS ARE ALREADY USING IPV6? WELL, OF COURSE ALL THE TRADITIONAL APPLICATIONS LIKE WEB BROWSING, FTP, DNS, SSH, SMTP, POP, IMAP, IRC, AND WE ARE ALREADY LOOKING INTO VERY INTERESTING FIELDS FOR BIT TORRENT AND OTHER PEER-TO-PEER APPLICATIONS.
OBVIOUSLY, THIS MEANS THERE ARE A LOT OF OPERATING SYSTEMS THAT ARE ALREADY IPV6 ENABLED BY DEFAULT. AND THAT'S THE REASON ALL THESE APPLICATIONS, WHEN THE SERVER SIDE ALSO IS IPV6 ENABLED ARE ALREADY BEING USED BY MEANS OF IPV6. WHAT IS GOING TO HAPPEN WHEN OPERATING SYSTEMS WHICH HAVE A MAJOR MARKET SHARE, LIKE WINDOWS XP, WHICH TODAY IS NOT ENABLED BY DEFAULT, IS UPGRADED TO THE NEXT VERSION, LIKE WINDOWS VISTA I THINK AT THE END OF THIS YEAR. I THINK IT WOULD BE VERY INTERESTING TO SEE A VERY, VERY IMPORTANT GROWTH IN THE TRAFFIC. IF WE HAVE ONLY 12% OF THE TRAFFIC WHEN THE MAJOR OPERATING SYSTEM IN THE MARKET, I THINK IT'S CLEAR THAT PROBABLY IN LESS THAN TWO YEARS THIS FIGURE WILL GET -- I WILL NOT SAY REVERSED, BUT PROBABLY WE CAN SAY 50, 60% OF THE TRAFFIC IN TWO YEARS COULD BE IPV6.
OF COURSE THERE ARE ALSO NEW APPLICATIONS. THERE IS ACTUALLY A VERY INTERESTING NEW APPLICATION WHICH, UNFORTUNATELY, WE COULD NOT USE TODAY FOR THIS VIDEO CONFERENCE BECAUSE YOU DON'T HAVE ASSIGNED NOW IN IPV6 IN THE NETWORK THERE, WHICH ALLOWS A VERY, VERY SIMPLE WAY TO DOING NOT JUST VIDEO CONFERENCE BUT ALSO MOSTLY CONFERENCE, AND I COULD HAVE RUN MYSELF THE SLIDES AND MAKE A NOTATION IN THE SLIDES AND SO ON. AND THIS IS APPLICATION THAT RIGHT NOW ARE (INAUDIBLE) WITH SOURCE CODE, AND I GUESS THERE WILL BE A LOT OF DEVELOPERS THAT WILL MAKE VERSIONS FOR OPEN SYSTEMS, WILL MAKE APIS AND COMPLEMENTS TO WHAT IS ALREADY THERE FOR WINDOWS PLATFORMS. THAT WILL BE REALLY, REALLY INTERESTING. AND I GUESS PROBABLY WE ARE NOT GOING TO SEE -- WE ARE GOING TO SEE MUCH MORE APPLICATIONS USING IPV6 THAN WHAT WE TYPICALLY ARE LOOKING AT WITH IPV4.
NEXT, PLEASE.
ONE MORE.
NEXT SLIDE, PLEASE. OKAY. THAT ONE.
SO WHAT IS THE BUSINESS WITH IPV6 IN WELL, THE POINT BASICALLY IS CUSTOMERS DON'T PAY FOR PROTOCOLS. THEY PAY FOR TRANSIT, FOR DATA APPLICATIONS AND THEIR SERVICES.
SO IT'S CLEAR THAT THERE WILL BE HUNDREDS, PROBABLY THOUSANDS OR EVEN MILLIONS OF SMART DEVICES, APPLIANCES, GADGETS, CONSUMER ELECTRONICS WHICH WILL MAKE OUR LIFE EASIER. THEY WILL BE REALLY PLUG AND PLAY. WE WILL NOT NEED MANUALS AND THAT WILL INCREASE THE DEMAND FOR TRANSIT SERVICES WHICH SUPPORT IPV6.
APPLICATIONS WORK BETTER BECAUSE WE HAVE INTRAOPERABILITY IN ANY SITUATION. THAT MEANS ALSO THAT THE DEVELOPMENT AND DEPLOYMENT COST IS LOWER.
THAT MEANS OBVIOUSLY THAT THE OPERATIONAL AND SUPPORT COST IS ALSO LOWER.
I HAVE, FOR EXAMPLE, IN ONE OF THE LAST (INAUDIBLE) MEETINGS ONE BIG TELCO SAYING IF THEY NEED TO SUPPORT A CUSTOMER, ONE SERVICE CALL COST THE REVENUE OF THAT CUSTOMER FOR ONE YEAR. AND IF THEY NEED TO BRING THAT CUSTOMER'S SUPPORT CALL TO A NEXT LEVEL, TO A MORE QUALIFIED ENGINEER, IT COSTS THE REVENUE OF THE CUSTOMER FOR THE ENTIRE LIFE OF THE CUSTOMER. I THINK THAT'S A VERY, VERY CLEAR SIGN.
OBVIOUSLY EASIER AND FASTER GLOBAL DEVELOPMENT OF INFORMATION SOCIETY ARE ALSO THINGS THAT WILL BE DONE THANKS TO IPV6.
ISPS MAKE MORE MONEY FROM SERVICES THAN WITH PROTOCOLS OR IP ADDRESSES. THAT'S CLEAR.
SO THE POINT PROBABLY WILL BE BUNDLING APPLICATIONS AND BROADBAND, WHICH IN TURN MEANS INCREASE OF BROADBAND DEMAND. AND ACTUALLY MAKE CUSTOMERS MORE NETWORK DEPENDABLE. THE CUSTOMERS ARE WILLING TO PAY FOR BETTER SERVICES, BETTER APPLICATION, BETTER SERVICE-LEVEL AGREEMENTS, THEN MORE AND MORE APPLICATIONS ARE WORKING WITH IPV6.
NEXT, PLEASE.
HOW ABOUT STANDARDIZATION STATUS. WELL, IPV6 IS DONE WITH THE MAIN IETF WORKING GROUP, WHICH IS THE BASIC IPV6 SPECS. ACTUALLY, THE WORK BEING DONE IN THIS WORKING GROUP IS COMPLETING JUST A FEW DOCUMENTS AND THEN MOVING ALL OF THEM TO STANDARD. THERE ARE ARGUABLY SOME ACTIVITIES, AND THAT WILL BE FOR PROBABLY A NUMBER OF YEARS, TRYING TO LOOK INTO THE OPERATION OF IPV6. FOR EXAMPLE, THIS WEEK OR LAST WEEK IN DALLAS, WE STARTED A NEW WORKING GROUP LOOKING INTO THE DEPLOYMENT OF IPV6 IN WIMAX NETWORKS. SO THIS IS SOMETHING THAT CAN HAPPEN FROM TIME TO TIME WITH NEW TECHNOLOGIES. IT DOESN'T MEAN IPV6 IS NOT COMPLETE. IT MEANS WE ARE ALREADY DOING OPERATION OF IPV6 IN DIFFERENT KINDS OF NETWORKS.
THE RESULTS OF THE WORKING GROUP, WHICH IS TAKING CARE OF MAKING MUCH MORE EASIER THE TRANSITION.
AND THE REST OF THE WITH WORKING GROUPS AND GENERALLY IETF ARE ALMOST ALL OF THEM ACTIVE WITH IPV6, AND IT COULD BE MORE AND MORE DIFFICULT TO GO THROUGH IESG WITH ANY NEW WORK OR A BASE OF EXISTING DOCUMENTS IF THEY ARE NOT IPV6 READY. THAT'S CLEAR.
NEXT, PLEASE.
SO WHAT'S MISSING? TRAINING. IPV6 IS NOT DIFFICULT, BUT ANY NEW THING REQUIRES SOME TRAINING, ESPECIALLY WHEN YOU PUT IT IN OPERATION IN NETWORKS.
YOU NEED TO CONSIDER ALSO A SMALL NETWORK UPDATES. FOR EXAMPLE, FOR OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE APPLICATIONS. AND BASICALLY TAKE ADVANTAGE OF NEW DEVELOPMENT OF SERVICE AND APPLICATIONS TO START DEPLOYING IPV6 IN INCREMENTAL PHASES. PROBABLY YOU WILL START WITH TRANSITIONING DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE NETWORK AND THEN GO TO NATIVE OR DUAL STACK. AND SOMETIMES YOU CAN REACH THE POINT WHERE YOU DEPLOY ACCESS NETWORKS OR CORE NETWORK WHICH ARE MAINLY IPV6 ONLY AND (INAUDIBLE) WHEN YOUR TRAFFIC IS LESS AND LESS IPV4, (INAUDIBLE) ENCAPSULATED WITHIN IPV6. THAT IS GOING TO HAPPEN, AND ACTUALLY IT'S ALREADY HAPPENING IN SOME SPECIFIC SCENARIOS.
NEXT, PLEASE.
OKAY. SO SOME EXAMPLES ABOUT ALL THESE THINGS THAT I MENTIONED BEFORE WHICH HAVE BEEN REFLECTED IN WORK DONE IN DIFFERENT REGIONS.
WE HAVE IN LATIN AMERICA AND CARIBBEAN, WE HAVE BEEN COOPERATING WITH LACNIC. THEY HAVE IN JUNE 2005, 18 IPV6 PREFIXES ALLOCATED. AND ONLY A FEW OF THEM HAVE ACTUALLY BEEN ROUTED.
THERE WAS ALMOST NO INTEREST IN THE REGION AND NO PRODUCTION SERVICE AVAILABLE AT ALL. JUST A FEW TRIALS IN SOME RESEARCH OR UNIVERSITIES AND THESE KIND OF NETWORKS.
SO WHAT WE HAVE BEEN DOING IS AN ACTIVITY CALLED IPV6 TOUR.
BASICALLY, IT HAS BEEN AN ACTIVITY FOR DOING A LOT OF DISSEMINATION OF IPV6 TO DIFFERENT COMMUNITIES. WE ARE NOT TALKING ABOUT ISPS BUT ALSO APPLICATION DEVELOPERS. AND WE HAVE WORKING GROUPS LIKE THE CREATION OF WORKING GROUPS THAT WE CALL TASK FORCES IN MOST OF THE COUNTRIES LIKE ARGENTINA, BRAZIL, CHILE, COLOMBIA, CUBA AND SO ON.
AND ALSO, IN 2005 WE HAVE ALREADY 51 PREFIXES. SO IT MEANS A VERY, VERY INTERESTING INCREASE. AND THE MOST INTERESTING THING IS THAT MOST OF THESE PREFIXES, FROM THE NUMBER 19 UNTIL THE 51, ARE ALREADY BEING ROUTED IN THE NETWORK.
THERE ARE EVEN SOME SIGNIFICANT DEPLOYMENT CASES, SOME OF THEM STARTED ALREADY TO OFFER COMMERCIAL SERVICES.
THIS CLEARLY PROVES THAT IT'S NOT SO DIFFICULT TO GET IPV6 WORKING IN A NETWORK, AND IT'S REALLY EASY, JUST A QUESTION TO WAKE UP THE PEOPLE, HEY, THIS IS IPV6. IT'S NOT SO DIFFICULT. LET'S MOVE ON.
SOMETIMES IT'S INTERESTING ALSO TO SEE THAT WE CAN FIND SOME (INAUDIBLE) PROVIDERS WHO DON'T PROVIDE SERVICE IN SOME REGIONS. OR FOR EXAMPLE YOU CAN GO TO A BIG COMPANY WHICH PROVIDES IPV6 SERVICE ALL AROUND THE WORLD AND THEN YOU CONTACT THE LOCAL PEOPLE IN ONE LATIN AMERICAN COUNTRY AND THE (INAUDIBLE) PEOPLE OF THAT COMPANY WILL TELL YOU IPV WHAT? BECAUSE THEY REALLY HAVE NOT HAD TIME TO TRAIN EVERYONE AND SOMETIMES YOU NEED TO FOLLOW THE CHAIN TO GET IPV6 SERVICE ON THE NETWORK.
BUT IT'S POSSIBLE. THERE ARE ALWAYS SOLUTIONS FOR THAT, EVEN IF THEY (INAUDIBLE) CANNOT PROVIDE IPV6 SERVICE AT THAT TIME.
NEXT, PLEASE.
IT'S INTERESTING ALSO TO SEE THAT IF WE COMPARE THE NUMBER OF PREFIXES -- WELL, LET'S SAY THE SIZE OF THE NETWORK ALLOCATED IN LATIN AMERICA VERSUS NORTH AMERICA, THE LATIN AMERICAN REGION IS REALLY CATCHING UP. AND EVEN IF WE COMPARE THE NUMBER OF SERVICES PROVIDED, NOT COUNTING THE BIG CARRIERS THAT MOST OF THEM ARE EUROPEAN OR NOT AMERICAN, AGAIN, THERE ARE MORE IP'S PROVIDING SERVICES IN LATIN AMERICA UP TO CERTAIN POINT VERSUS OR COMPARED WITH THE SIZE OF THE NETWORK IN NORTH AMERICA. THAT'S QUITE GOOD BECAUSE THAT MEANS ALSO THIS DEVELOPMENT -- DEVELOPING REGIONS CAN PROBABLY START DEVELOPING SERVICES AND APPLICATIONS OF PROVIDERS NEW TO THESE REGIONS.
NEXT, PLEASE.
WE HAD A SIMILAR SITUATION IN AFRICA. WE HAD -- I THINK WAS BASICALLY AT THE BEGINNING OF THE -- AT THE END OF 2005, ONLY FIVE PREFIXES WERE ENABLED. RIGHT NOW, IN JUST A FEW MONTHS, WE HAVE ALREADY 11 PREFIXES. ABOUT 50% OF THEM ARE ALREADY WORKING, AND THERE ARE MANY MORE, FROM THESE 11 PREFIXES, WHICH ARE ALMOST READY TO BE WORKING IN JUST A QUESTION OF WEEKS OR DAYS.
WE ACTUALLY HAVE THE FIRST TRAINING TOGETHER, ORGANIZED BY AFRINIC, AND A SERIES OF TRAININGS THEY ARE DOING TOGETHER WITH THE LIR TRAININGS.
LAST WEEK IN KHARTOUM, AND IT WAS INTERESTING TO SEE THAT THE LOCAL TELCO WAS ABLE, IN JUST A FEW DAYS, TO GET IPV6 UP ON THREE PROVIDERS. SATELLITE AND SUBMARINE CABLES.
SO AGAIN, IT'S POSSIBLE, IF YOU ASK FOR IT, YOU CAN GET THIS SERVICE.
NEXT, PLEASE.
WHAT IS IMPORTANT TO SAY IS THAT ESPECIALLY IN THE LATIN AMERICAN CASE, WE HAVE OBSERVED A SITUATION WHERE MOST OF THE ABSENT PROVIDERS ARE COMPANIES FROM EUROPE, AND IN THOSE CASES YOU GET IPV6 SERVICE IN A MATTER OF 24 HOURS. HOWEVER, IF EUROPE'S IMPROVISERS ARE NORTH AMERICAN COMPANIES, WITH THE EXCEPTION OF A FEW LIKE GLOBAL CROSSING OR TELEGLOBE, AND THE REST OF THE COMPANIES ARE NOT ABLE TO PROVIDE THE SERVICE SO QUICKLY OR THEY CAN ONLY PROVIDE TUNNELS. AND NOT NECESSARILY WITH VERY NICE QUALITY.
SO EVEN IN THOSE CASES, WE HAVE SOLUTIONS THAT DON'T COST MONEY. THERE ARE PROJECTS LIKE OCCAID WHICH OFFER A NON-PROFIT TRANSIT TO HELP THE PEOPLE WITH IPV6.
NEXT ONE, PLEASE.
SO SOME EXAMPLES OF WHAT DEVELOPMENT WE HAVE DONE WITH THIS NETWORK IN LATIN AMERICA INCLUDE DIFFERENT NICS. IT WAS INTERESTING ALSO THE EXAMPLE OF THE CASE OF CUBA. IN CUBA (INAUDIBLE) AND ALL OF THEM ARE ALREADY PROVIDING IPV6 SERVICE. ACTUALLY, THE SATELLITE (INAUDIBLE) STATION IS LOCATED IN MIAMI. BUT WE NEEDED TO USE A RUSSIAN SATELLITE TO PROVIDE THE IPV6 SERVICE TO CUBA.
BUT IT WORKED. SO (INAUDIBLE).
NEXT ONE, PLEASE.
THIS IS A PICTURE OF THE OCCAID NETWORK. WE CAN SKIP IT.
SO NEXT ONE, PLEASE.
JUST ALMOST ABOUT TO FINISH. IF YOU NEED SOME MORE INFORMATION ABOUT IPV6 IN GENERAL, TECHNICAL ASPECTS AND NEWS, DEPLOYMENT ASPECTS, OR EVEN TRY CONNECTIVITY, IF YOUR ISPS CANNOT GET IT FOR YOU, GET SOME RESOURCES FOR TRAINING, YOU CAN LOOK AT THIS PORTAL WHERE WE ARE TRYING TO HELP THE COMMUNITY CATCH UP. THERE ARE ALSO (INAUDIBLE) WHICH IS A VERY, VERY LIMITED SET OF RESOURCES. BUT I GUESS THE ENGLISH VERSION IS THE MOST INTERESTING FOR THIS COMMUNITY.
NEXT ONE, PLEASE.
I THINK WE SKIPPED ONE SLIDE.
OKAY. I AM TRYING TO CATCH....
OKAY. I AM ON THE....
YEAH, WELL, THAT SLIDE YOU HAVE ON THE SCREEN, IT'S BASICALLY SHOWING THE STATISTICS OF ACCESS TO THIS PORTAL WHERE YOU CAN SEE THAT THE INTEREST IN IPV6 IS GROWING MONTH TO MONTH. AND I THINK THAT'S IMPORTANT BECAUSE IT'S ALSO A WAY TO MEASURE THAT THE PEOPLE IS COMING TO IPV6 ACTUALLY FASTER THAN WE ARE EXPECTING.
NEXT, ONE, PLEASE.
AND JUST TO FINISH, A FEW CONCLUSIONS. AFTER THESE FIGURES AND THESE STATISTICS, DO YOU STILL THINK IPV6 IS NOT THERE? WELL, CLEARLY IPV6 IS HAPPENING IN INDUSTRY. PEOPLE USE IT, EVEN WITHOUT KNOWING. THERE ARE APPLICATIONS WHICH ARE ALREADY ENABLING IPV6 BY DEFAULT.
IF YOU WANT TO DELAY SOMETHING THAT IS INEVITABLE, I DON'T THINK IT'S THE BEST APPROACH. ACTUALLY, IT WILL BE MUCH BETTER TO GET READY AHEAD.
IPV6 CAN PROVIDE -- MAYBE NOT PROVIDE IMMEDIATE NEW BUSINESS, BUT YOU MAY BE LOSING ACTUAL CUSTOMERS. SO I THINK THAT'S IMPORTANT.
AND LAST BUT NOT LEAST, THE COST OF NOT BEING PREPARED FOR IPV6 IS ACTUALLY HIGHER THAN THE COST OF EASING INTO IT.
I THINK THIS IS VERY, VERY IMPORTANT ALSO FOR THE SOCIETY IN GENERAL.
AND THAT'S IT. THANKS.
>>JOHN CRAIN: THANK YOU VERY MUCH FOR THAT, JORDI.
WITH THAT --
>>JORDI PALET: IT'S NOT EASY WITHOUT THE FEEDBACK.
BUT I HOPE THAT WENT WELL.
>>JOHN CRAIN: IT WAS VERY UNDERSTANDABLE.
THANK YOU W THAT, I'M GOING TO PASS OVER TO PAUL WILSON, WHO IS GOING TO TALK A LITTLE BIT ABOUT WHAT THE RIRS ARE DOING IN THE AREA OF IPV6, WHICH IS WHERE ALL THE POLICY DEVELOPMENT FROM THE BOTTOM UP COMES.
>>JORDI PALET: THANK YOU.
>>PAUL WILSON: GOOD AFTERNOON.
PAUL WILSON, FROM APNIC, THE ASIA-PACIFIC NETWORK INFORMATION CENTER, WE'RE THE RIR FOR THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION.
AND I'M HERE SPEAKING FOR THE NRO, THE NUMBER RESOURCE ORGANIZATION, ABOUT IPV6 DISTRIBUTION AND POLICY.
AND I'LL HAVE TO THANK JORDI FOR HAVING COVERED A LITTLE BIT OF WHAT THE RIRS DO, INCLUDING THE IPV6 DISTRIBUTION DETAILS, WHICH I'LL BE GOING OVER A LITTLE BIT DIFFERENTLY, BUT QUITE BRIEFLY AS WELL.
FOR THOSE OF YOU WHO MAY NOT BE FAMILIAR WITH THE NRO.
IT'S THE NUMBER RESOURCE ORGANIZATION.
AND IT'S INTENDED TO PROVIDE A SINGLE POINT OF CONTACT AND COORDINATION AND REPRESENTATION FOR THE REGIONAL INTERNET REGISTRIES.
AND THERE ARE FIVE REGIONAL INTERNET REGISTRIES OPERATING IN THE WORLD TODAY.
NOT ONLY FOR THOSE REGISTRIES AS A GROUP, BUT ALSO FOR THE RIR SYSTEM ITSELF, WHICH IS A -- WHICH IS A COORDINATED GLOBAL SYSTEM BY WHICH IP ADDRESSES ARE ALLOCATED AND MANAGED THROUGHOUT THE WORLD.
THE NRO IS QUITE INDEPENDENT FROM ICANN, AND IT'S IN THE PROCESS OF INCORPORATION IN URUGUAY AT THE MOMENT.
A RELATED ORGANIZATION AND SOMETIMES CONFUSED IS THE ADDRESS SUPPORTING ORGANIZATION, THE ASO, WHICH IS A COMPONENT OF THE ICANN FRAMEWORK, LIKE THE OTHER SUPPORTING ORGANIZATIONS IN ICANN.
AND IT'S ESTABLISHED BY AN AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE NRO REPRESENTING THE RIRS AND ICANN ITSELF.
AND IT'S RESPONSIBLE FOR COORDINATION OF GLOBAL I.P. ADDRESSING POLICIES WITHIN THE ICANN FRAMEWORK.
I'LL BE TALKING ABOUT THE REGIONAL POLICY PROCESS JUST BRIEFLY.
BUT IT'S IMPORTANT TO NOTE THAT THE REGIONAL POLICIES FOR I.P. ADDRESS MANAGEMENT, IPV4 AND IPV6, OF COURSE, ARE HANDLED INDIVIDUALLY BY EACH RIR THROUGH INDEPENDENT PROCESSES WHICH ARE BOTTOM UP AND OPERATING IN EACH REGION.
AND SO THE NRO PROVIDES AN OVERALL COORDINATION FOR THAT PROCESS.
THE ASO PROVIDES AN INTERFACE BETWEEN THE NRO AND ICANN FOR THE PURPOSE OF GLOBAL POLICY COORDINATION.
JUST TO LOOK AT IPV6 IN PARTICULAR, THE RIRS, OF COURSE, ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR V4, V6, AND AT THE MOMENT, AUTONOMOUS SYSTEM NUMBERS. AND WE PUBLISH A LARGE AMOUNT OF DATA ABOUT THE DISTRIBUTION OF THOSE RESOURCES OVER TIME AND GEOGRAPHICALLY THROUGHOUT THE WORLD.
BUT THE PURPOSE OF THIS PRESENTATION IS JUST TO LOOK AT IPV6.
AND SO THIS CURRENT CHART SHOWS THE DISTRIBUTION OF V6 AMONG THE FIVE REGIONAL INTERNET REGISTRIES.
NOW, IT'S QUITE INTERESTING, BECAUSE IT SHOWS A VERY BROAD DIFFERENCE IN THE AMOUNT OF IPV6 ADDRESS SPACE DISTRIBUTED IN DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE WORLD.
AND YOU WON'T SEE THE SAME LEVEL OF DIFFERENCE IN IPV4 DISTRIBUTION, FOR INSTANCE, WHICH IS MUCH MORE WELL ESTABLISHED AND HAS BEEN GOING ON FOR A MUCH LONGER PERIOD OF TIME.
THE IPV6 DISTRIBUTION IS VERY MUCH DOMINATED BY THE FACT THAT POLICIES CHANGED AND ALLOWED MUCH LARGER ALLOCATIONS TO BE MADE.
AND THOSE ALLOCATIONS ARE MADE WHERE LARGE ISPS ARE RECEIVING IPV6 ADDRESS SPACE IN LARGE BLOCKS TO TRANSITION TO V6 FROM V4.
AND THE LARGE ALLOCATIONS THAT YOU SEE HERE IN THE CASE OF RIPE NCC ON THE LEFT AND APNIC ON THE RIGHT REALLY ACTUALLY REPRESENT QUITE A SMALL NUMBER OF VERY LARGE ALLOCATIONS.
AND SO AS SOON AS ANY ONE OF THOSE VERY LARGE ALLOCATIONS IS MADE IN ANOTHER REGIONAL INTERNET REGISTRY REGION, YOU'LL SEE A MUCH HIGHER REPRESENTATION ON THIS CHART FOR THAT PARTICULAR REGION.
THE UNIT OF MEASUREMENT HERE IS DIFFERENT FROM WHAT JORDI WAS SHOWING IN HIS SLIDES JUST BEFORE.
WE'RE LOOKING HERE AT THE SLASH 32 PREFIX, WHICH IS THE MINIMUM SIZE OF ALLOCATION OF IPV6 ADDRESS SPACE CURRENTLY TO THE ISPS.
AND SO WE'RE NOT TALKING HERE ABOUT THE NUMBER OF DIFFERENT ALLOCATIONS, AS JORDI WAS IN SOME OF HIS SLIDES.
WE'RE TALKING ABOUT THE TOTAL AMOUNT OF ADDRESS SPACE IN A SLASH 32 UNIT.
IF WE BREAK THAT DOWN BY THE TOP TEN COUNTRY CODES, THEN YOU CAN SEE, AGAIN, THE REPRESENTATION OF A SMALL NUMBER OF ECONOMIES FROM THE TWO RIRS THAT HAVE MADE THE MAJORITY OF I.P. ADDRESS ALLOCATION.
THAT'S RIPE NCC IN THE LIGHT GREEN COLOR AND APNIC IN THE DARK GREEN COLOR.
AND I THINK THOSE ECONOMIES ARE FAIRLY WELL KNOWN AS BEING ACTIVE IN IPV6 DEPLOYMENT.
SO AT THE TOP THERE IS GERMANY, DE, WITH 9,308 SLASH 32 ALLOCATIONS, OR 21% OF THE TOTAL AMOUNT ALLOCATED ALREADY.
AS I MENTIONED, I THINK THAT IS -- REPRESENTS ABOUT -- LARGE ALLOCATIONS TO JUST TWO OR MAYBE THREE LARGE PROVIDERS IN GERMANY.
FRANCE IS NEXT, FOLLOWED BY JAPAN, EU, WHICH IS RIPE NCC'S DESIGNATION FOR AN ALLOCATION WHICH IS NOT SPECIFIC TO A COUNTRY, BUT TO A REGIONAL SERVICE PROVIDER WITHIN EUROPE.
KOREA, SOUTH KOREA, THAT IS, AUSTRALIA, TAIWAN, POLAND, NETHERLANDS, NORWAY, THE U.S.A, AND THEN THE "OTHER" CATEGORY THERE ONLY ACCOUNTS FOR 1% OF THE ADDRESS SPACE.
BUT AS JORDI SAID, THERE ARE QUITE A LARGE NUMBER, UP TO ABOUT 90 DIFFERENT COUNTRIES, WHICH HAVE RECEIVED IPV6 ADDRESS SPACE, BUT, OBVIOUSLY, IN QUITE SMALL AMOUNTS BY THE TOTAL 1% ALLOCATION THAT THEY REPRESENT THERE.
AS I MENTIONED, THE IPV6 ADDRESS PATTERNS ARE SHAPED VERY MUCH BY THE POLICIES UNDER WHICH THOSE ADDRESSES ARE ALLOCATED AT THE MOMENT.
AND YOU CAN SEE ON THE CHART HERE THAT IT WAS IN 2004 THAT WE SUDDENLY STARTED ALLOCATING MUCH LARGER QUANTITIES OF IPV6 ADDRESS SPACE.
AND THAT'S SIMPLY BECAUSE OF A SET OF POLICY CHANGES THAT WERE IMPLEMENTED THROUGH EACH OF THE RIR REGIONS AND COORDINATED GLOBALLY WHICH ALLOWED A MUCH LARGER MINIMUM ALLOCATION OF ADDRESS SPACE TO BE MADE.
AND IT ALSO ALLOWED THESE MUCH LARGER INDIVIDUAL ALLOCATIONS TO EXISTING ISPS.
SO YOU CAN SEE THERE THAT, ONCE AGAIN, THE TWO REGISTRIES WHICH ACCOUNT FOR THE VAST MAJORITY OF V6 ALLOCATIONS ARE APNIC IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC AND RIPE NCC IN EUROPE.
YOU CAN'T REALLY SEE ANY DETAIL OF WHAT'S HAPPENING IN OTHER REGIONS, BUT THERE IS QUITE SOME DETAIL THERE.
AND I CAN SHOW THIS CHART ON A LOGARITHMIC SCALE WHICH SORT OF MESSES UP THE RELATIVE VALUES AND THE COMPARABLE VALUES THERE.
BUT YOU CAN SEE THAT THERE ARE DIFFERENT NUMBERS OF V6 ADDRESSES BEING ALLOCATED TO THE OTHER THREE REGISTRIES, ARIN, LACNIC, AND AFRINIC, IN DIFFERENT PROPORTIONS IN DIFFERENT YEARS.
AND AS I MENTIONED, THE RIRS ARE PUBLISHING AND HAVE AVAILABLE RAW DATA WHICH REPRESENTS ALL OF THESE FIGURES.
AND YOU CAN QUITE READILY, IF YOU ARE INTO CRUNCHING THE NUMBERS, YOU CAN QUITE READILY GO AND FETCH THOSE NUMBERS FROM THE -- IN RAW FORMAT FROM THE RIR WEB SITES AND DO YOUR OWN ANALYSIS OF THIS SORT OF STUFF.
OR YOU CAN LOOK AT THE PUBLICATIONS THAT THE RIRS HAVE ALREADY FOR QUITE SOME TIME BEEN MAKING, WHICH PROVIDE MORE DETAIL ABOUT THESE PATTERNS.
AND THERE IS A LINK TO THE NRO, WHICH PROVIDES FURTHER LINKS, IF YOU GO THERE, TO THE RIR WEB SITES AND THE STATISTICS.
THERE'S ALSO A LINK TO THE IANA WAGE, WHICH CONTAINS THE SINGLE GLOBAL MAP OF THE IPV6 UNICAST ADDRESS ASSIGNMENTS, IF YOU'RE INTERESTED.
I'VE MENTIONED POLICY A FEW TIMES.
AND THE RIRS ARE HEAVILY INVOLVED WITH THE PROCESS OF COORDINATING POLICIES WITHIN THE COMMUNITIES OF EACH OF THE REGIONAL -- OF EACH OF THE REGIONAL REGISTRIES.
AND THE POLICY DEVELOPMENT PROCESS IS SOMETHING THAT IS FACILITATED BY THE RIR ORGANIZATIONS.
BUT IT'S A BOTTOM-UP INDUSTRY SELF-REGULATORY PROCESS WHICH HAPPENS WITHIN EACH OF THE RIR COMMUNITIES THROUGH OPEN POLICY PROCESSES THAT DIFFER A LITTLE BIT THROUGH FROM ONE REGION TO THE OTHER.
BUT THEY GENERALLY INVOLVE REGULAR, OPEN POLICY MEETINGS AS WELL AS OTHER COMMUNICATION MECHANISMS, LIKE MAILING LISTS AND SO ON.
AND I'D JUST LIKE TO DESCRIBE HOW THAT WORKS.
IT'S AN OPEN PROCESS, MEANING THAT ANYONE CAN PARTICIPATE IN IT.
IT'S A TRANSPARENT PROCESS, MEANING SPECIFICALLY THAT ALL OF THE DECISIONS AND THE POLICIES ARE DOCUMENTED FROM THAT PROCESS, AND THEY'RE FREELY AVAILABLE TO ANYONE ON THE RESPECTIVE RIR WEB SITES.
AND IT'S A BOTTOM-UP PROCESS, AS I MENTIONED, INDUSTRY SELF-REGULATORY.
AND THROUGH THAT PROCESS, THE INTERNET COMMUNITY ITSELF PROPOSES AND APPROVES THE POLICY.
THE ROLE OF THE RIRS IS TO FACILITATE THAT PROCESS, MUCH AS ICANN FACILITATES THROUGH ITS MEETINGS, THE PROCESSES, THE OPEN PROCESSES THAT YOU SEE GOING ON HERE THIS WEEK.
THE CYCLE OF RIR POLICY DEVELOPMENT IS NOT ONE THAT WILL COME TO AN END.
THERE'S NO SUCH THING AS A PERFECT SET OF POLICIES THAT WILL BE ESTABLISHED AND THEN LAST FOR ALL TIME.
BECAUSE AS THE INTERNET GROWS AND IT EVOLVES QUITE RAPIDLY, WE MOVE THROUGH A CYCLE OF IDENTIFYING NEEDS FOR POLICY DEVELOPMENT IN RESPECTIVE I.P. ADDRESSES, FOR INSTANCE, DISCUSSING THROUGH THE OPEN POLICY PROCESS HOW THOSE NEEDS SHOULD OR COULD BE MET, A CONSENSUS DECISION CAN BE MADE AND IMPLEMENTED THROUGH THOSE SAME PROCESSES.
AND THEN WE GO BACK TO AN EVALUATION OF THAT, WHICH IS A NATURAL CONSEQUENCES OF THE IMPLICATION, WHICH CAN COME BACK TO A NEED.
SO THE RIR ABOUTS WHICH ARE GOING ON IN EACH REGION ARE VERY WELL ESTABLISHED PROCESSES.
THEY HAVE BEEN GOING ON FOR A LONG TIME, IMPLEMENTING THIS SORT OF CYCLE OF REVIEW AND REVISION OF POLICIES.
AS I MENTIONED, THE NRO REPRESENTS THE RIRS GLOBALLY.
AND THE ASO IS THE BODY WHICH COORDINATES THE GLOBAL POLICY PROCESS IN THE ICANN FRAMEWORK.
AND THERE'S A DIAGRAM HERE -- THERE'S MORE DETAILS AVAILABLE ON THE NRO WEB SITE -- OF HOW THE GLOBAL POLICY PROCESS WORKS.
BUT IN ESSENCE, IT DOES NOT DISTURB THE EXISTING REGIONAL POLICIES.
IF A GLOBAL POLICY IS TO BE ESTABLISHED, THEN IT GOES FIRSTLY THROUGH EACH OF THE REGIONAL POLICY PROCESSES IN ORDER, FINALLY, WITH IT BEING APPROVED IN EACH OF THOSE PROCESSES.
AND THEN IT'S TAKEN BY THE NRO REPRESENTING THOSE BODIES THROUGH THE ASO TO ICANN. AND IT'S THE ICANN BOARD'S ROLE UNDER THE ASO MOU TO APPROVE GLOBAL POLICIES WHICH ARE PRESENTED TO IT. AND THAT'S JUST A DIAGRAM THERE, A REPRESENTATION OF HOW THAT PROCESS WORKS.
SO I'LL JUST SHOW YOU A BRIEF SUMMARY OF WHERE WE ARE AT THE MOMENT WITH IPV6 POLICIES THAT ARE BEING DISCUSSED IN ALL OF THE DIFFERENT RIR REGIONS.
THE -- THERE'S A COORDINATION PROCESS WHICH GOES ON BETWEEN THOSE REGIONS FOR ANY POLICY THAT'S GLOBAL.
BUT DIFFERENT DISCUSSIONS CAN HAPPEN AT DIFFERENT TIMES IN DIFFERENT REGIONS.
AND SO YOU SEE HERE A TABLE WHICH REPRESENTS THE STATUS OF A NUMBER OF DIFFERENT POLICY INITIATIVES WHICH HAVE BEEN MADE IN THE DIFFERENT REGIONS.
ONLY THE FIRST ONE IS ACTUALLY A GLOBAL POLICY PROPOSAL.
AND IT'S A POLICY WHICH NATURALLY IS ONE THAT IMPACTS UPON IANA WITHIN THE ICANN CONTEXT.
AND IT'S A POLICY WHICH JUST REVISES AND FORMALIZES THE SYSTEM BY WHICH IPV6 ALLOCATIONS ARE MADE BY THE IANA TO THE RIRS.
AND THAT'S A SINGLE GLOBAL POLICY.
THE DOCUMENT IS AVAILABLE ON ALL OF THE RIR WEB SITES.
AND IT HAS BEEN APPROVED THROUGH THE REGIONAL POLICY PROCESSES OF APNIC AND ARIN AND LACNIC.
AND IT IS UNDER DISCUSSION, SCHEDULED TO BE APPROVED, WE WOULD EXPECT, IN THE COMING MEETINGS OF RIPE NCC AND AFRINIC AS WELL.
SO THAT'S THE GLOBAL POLICY.
ONCE THAT POLICY HAS BEEN APPROVED IN ALL OF THE FIVE REGIONS, THEN IT CAN BE TAKEN THROUGH THE ASO PROCESS TO ICANN, AND IT CAN BECOME A BINDING GLOBAL POLICY WHICH WILL THEN BE IMPLEMENTED PRIMARILY BY THE IANA.
NOW, THERE ARE FOUR MORE POLICIES HERE WHICH ARE JUST GOING THROUGH REGIONAL PROCESSES.
AND IN THE IPV6 WORLD IN PARTICULAR, THERE IS QUITE A LOT OF CROSS FERTILIZATION WHICH HAPPENS BETWEEN THE REGIONS.
AND YOU CAN EXPECT THAT SOME OF THESE POLICIES AT LEAST WILL BE -- IF THEY ARE APPROVED IN ONE REGION, THEY MAY WELL BE TAKEN TO -- THROUGH OTHER REGIONAL POLICY PROCESSES AND POSSIBLY APPROVED AND IMPLEMENTED THERE AS WELL.
SO THE FIRST OF THOSE IS TO AMEND THE IPV6 UTILIZATION REQUIREMENT, WHICH IS A -- WHICH IS MEASURED CURRENTLY ACCORDING TO SOMETHING CALLED THE H/D RATIO.
AND WHAT THAT EXPRESSES IS JUST WHETHER OR NOT A PARTICULAR BLOCK OF ADDRESS SPACE HAS BEEN UTILIZED SUFFICIENTLY FOR AN ISP TO COME BACK TO THE RIR AND TO REQUEST MORE ADDRESS SPACE, TO DEMONSTRATE THAT IT NEEDS MORE ADDRESS SPACE BASED ON THESE, THAT IT HAS MADE OF EXISTING ADDRESS SPACE.
SO THAT, AGAIN, IT HAS BEEN APPROVED IN THE APNIC AND ARIN REGIONS.
IT'S UNDER DISCUSSION IN RIPE NCC.
THERE'S NO DISCUSSION YET IN AFRINIC OR LACNIC.
THERE'S A SOMEWHAT RELATED POLICY, WHICH IS TO AMEND THE ASSIGNMENT REQUIREMENTS FOR IPV6 ADDRESSES, THAT IS, THE SIZE OF THE ASSIGNMENT THAT IS MADE FROM AN ISP TO A DOWNSTREAM CUSTOMER.
IT WAS DISCUSSED WITH NO CONSENSUS AT APNIC.
IT'S UNDER DISCUSSION AT TWO OTHER RIRS, AT ARIN AND RIPE NCC.
AND IT'S YET TO BE DISCUSSED AT THE OTHER TWO.
THE THIRD POLICY THERE OF THE NONGLOBAL OF THE REGIONAL POLICIES IS IPV6 ADDRESS SPACE ASSIGNMENT FOR ANYCAST SERVICES.
THAT'S ONE THAT HAS JUST COME UP AT THE RIPE NCC AND NOWHERE ELSE SO FAR.
AND THAT'S IN RECOGNITION, I THINK, OF THE GROWING USE OF ANYCAST FOR DNS SERVICES IN PARTICULAR, AND THE NEED FOR OPERATORS OF THOSE SERVICES TO RECEIVE SOME GLOBALLY PORTABLE ADDRESS SPACE FOR THOSE SERVICES.
SO THAT'S UNDER DISCUSSION AT RIPE NCC.
AND AS I MENTIONED, IT MAY, AS A RESULT OF THE DISCUSSION OR IMPLEMENTATION IN RIPE NCC, IT MAY ACTUALLY BE BROUGHT TO ANOTHER -- ANY ONE OR ALL OF THE OTHER RIR FORUMS BY THE COMMUNITIES FOR IMPLEMENTATION THERE.
AND, FINALLY, THERE'S A POLICY FOR PORTABLE ASSIGNMENTS OF IPV6 ADDRESS SPACE TO END SITES.
THAT'S ONE THAT'S PARTICULARLY RELEVANT IN THAT THE IPV6 ADDRESSING MODEL, AS WITH THE IPV4 ADDRESSING MODEL, IS PROVIDER-BASED.
SO, IN GENERAL, YOU NEED TO BE AN ISP OR AN INTERNET SERVICE PROVIDER TO RECEIVE I.P. ADDRESS SPACE FROM THE REGISTRY.
AND AS AN END CUSTOMER OR AN END SITE, YOU NORMALLY GET YOUR I.P. ADDRESS SPACE ASSIGNMENT FROM YOUR UPSTREAM ISP.
THERE'S A PROPOSAL IN THE ARIN REGION, WHICH HASN'T GONE ANYWHERE ELSE SO FAR, WHICH IS TO PROVIDE SOME OTHER CRITERIA WHEREBY END SITES CAN RECEIVE IPV6 ADDRESS SPACE.
SO THERE ARE THE CURRENT IPV6 POLICY DISCUSSIONS WHICH ARE UNDERWAY ACROSS THE RIRS.
YOU CAN SEE THAT THEY'RE QUITE DETAILED AND QUITE TECHNICALLY ORIENTED POLICY DISCUSSIONS.
FOR MANY OF YOU THEY MIGHT NOT HAVE MUCH DIRECT CONSEQUENCE AT ALL.
BUT FOR ISPS AND FOR USERS -- FOR THE DIRECT USERS OF IPV6 ADDRESS SPACE, THEY ARE OF GREAT CONSEQUENCE. AND ANY SUCH PERSON, OF COURSE, CAN COME ALONG TO ANY OF THE REGIONAL FORUMS, THAT IS, THE OPEN POLICY MEETINGS OF THE RIRS, AND PARTICIPATE IN THAT PROCESS.
AND THEY CAN ALSO, AS THAT PROCESS GOES ON, IN THE CASE OF GLOBAL POLICIES, OF COURSE, PARTICIPATE IN THOSE BOTTOM-UP PROCESSES AS WELL.
OKAY.
AND THERE'S -- JUST FINALLY -- A LIST OF POLICY REFERENCES HERE.
AGAIN, THE NRO, AS A COORDINATING BODY, DOES HAVE A SINGLE SORT OF PORTAL OR JUMPING-OFF POINT FOR RIR ADDRESSING POLICIES AROUND THE WORLD.
BUT THE INDIVIDUAL URLS FOR EACH OF THE RIRS ARE GIVEN HERE AS WELL, IF YOU'RE INTERESTED IN THOSE.
I'D EXPECT IF YOU ARE INTERESTED IN ANY OF THE MATERIAL, INCLUDING THE URLS IN THIS PRESENTATION, THEN I'D EXPECT THAT WE'LL HAVE IT UP ON THE NRO WEB SITE IN THE NEAR FUTURE.
AND THE NRO WEB SITE IS GIVEN THERE, WWW.NRO.NET.
THAT'S ALL I'VE GOT.
HAPPY TO ANSWER ANY QUESTIONS IF THERE'S ANY IN ANY DISCUSSION TIME.
THANK YOU.
>>JOHN CRAIN: WE'RE ACTUALLY RUNNING SLOW ON TIME.
SO I'D LIKE AT THIS POINT IF THERE ARE ANY QUESTIONS TO TAKE THEM.
AND BEING AS NOBODY'S RISEN TO THE MICROPHONE, I THINK WE'LL GIVE THE LAST FIVE MINUTES OVER TO ROGER HERE TO FINISH ON SOME MORE LOCAL CONTENT.
>>ROGER HICKS: THANK YOU, JOHN.
MY NAME IS ROGER HICKS. AND I'D LIKE TO TALK ABOUT AN INITIATIVE THAT INTERNET NZ IS UNDERTAKING.
EVERYBODY, I HOPE, IS AWARE OF INTERNETNZ, HAVING BEEN HERE FOR THE LAST FEW DAYS.
AND I THINK YOU'LL AGREE THAT THEY'RE IN A UNIQUE POSITION TO TAKE A ROLE ON IPV6 IN NEW ZEALAND.
AND THEY'VE ASKED ME TO LEAD THIS IPV6 INITIATIVE, WHICH I WOULD JUST LIKE TO DESCRIBE TO YOU.
NOT SURPRISINGLY, THERE ARE MANY PERSPECTIVES, THERE ARE MANY INTERESTING PARTIES THROUGHOUT THE COUNTRY, AND WITH LOTS OF VIEWS ON HOW IPV6 SHOULD BE HANDLED AND LOOKED AT.
HOWEVER, THE STRATEGIC -- EVERYONE AGREE THAT IS THERE'S A STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE TO IPV6 FOR NEW ZEALAND IN THAT WE NEED TO HAVE KNOWLEDGE, EXPERIENCE, AND UNDERSTANDING OF THIS TECHNOLOGY.
WE NEED TO KNOW HOW IT'S USED.
WE NEED TO KNOW WHAT IT DOES.
WE NEED TO KNOW THE CAPABILITIES, THE FEATURES, AND THE BENEFITS.
AND THOSE INCLUDE THE TECHNICAL BENEFITS AND THE COMMERCIAL BENEFITS OF IPV6.
IPV6 HAS BEEN DESCRIBED TO ME AS JUST AN ENGINE-ROOM TECHNOLOGY.
AND CERTAINLY IT IS IN THE ENGINE ROOM.
BUT THE IMPLICATIONS AND STRATEGIC SIGNIFICANCE GO FAR BEYOND THE ENGINE ROOM.
A LOT OF THESE PEOPLE APPRECIATE THE SPECIAL IMPORTANCE OF V6 AND WANT TO SEE IT PROGRESSED WITHIN THE COUNTRY.
SOME SEE THAT ITS TIME IS COMING AND WE NEED TO BE PREPARED FOR IT.
SOME SEE THAT ITS TIME IS NOW AND WE SHOULD BE ALREADY THERE.
AND SOME ARE VERY FRUSTRATED THAT WE SHOULD HAVE DONE IT YEARS AGO.
SO WHAT ARE THESE PARTIES?
WHO ARE THESE GROUPS AND PEOPLES THAT I'VE TALKED ABOUT?
WELL, THEY RANGE FROM USERS TO SUPPLIERS, FROM ACADEMIA TO BUSINESS DEVELOPERS, RESEARCHERS IN THE MILITARY, PEOPLE WHO PROVIDE THE INFRASTRUCTURE AND SERVICE PROVIDERS, TECHNOLOGY EXPORTERS, POLICYMAKERS, AND EVEN GEEKS IN THEIR HOMES.
AND I HOPE THOSE ALL HAVE DOT GEEK DOMAIN NAMES.
ACTUALLY, IS IPV6.GEEK.NZ GONE?
I DON'T KNOW.
I HAVE NOT LOOKED.
INTERNETNZ HAS IDENTIFIED THAT WE NEED A ROADMAP FOR IPV6, A WAY TO BRING TOGETHER ALL THESE DIVERSE OBJECTIVES AND NEEDS.
SO HOW ARE WE GOING TO DO THAT?
WELL, WE'RE GOING TO BRING EVERYONE TOGETHER, HOPEFULLY, AROUND A ROUNDTABLE.
AGAIN, SOMEBODY SAID TO ME, "IT'S A MATCH MAKING ROLE.
IT'S TRYING TO BRING THE SUPPLY SIDE TOGETHER WITH THE DEMAND, TO LOOK FOR THE PROBLEMS THAT PEOPLE NEED TO SOLVE THAT IPV6 CAN BRING THE SOLUTIONS TO, AND TO LOOK FOR THE PEOPLE WHO HAVE THOSE SOLUTIONS, THE TECHNOLOGISTS."
SO THE PROCESS THAT I'M PUTTING TOGETHER IS TO HOLD A HUI.
AND AS JOHN SAID THAT WORD IS MAYBE NOT FAMILIAR TO SOME OF YOU.
IT'S A MAORI WORD WHICH MEANS A DISCUSSION.
YOU HOLD DISCUSSIONS UNTIL YOU COME TO AGREEMENTS.
WE'RE GOING TO HOLD AN IPV6HUI.
THE TARGET IS SOMETIME MID- TO LATE Q3.
MY OWN PERSONAL GOAL IS TO HAVE IT IN LATE AUGUST.
AND I'D LIKE TO SEE THAT IN AUCKLAND, FOR NO OTHER REASON THAN THAT'S THE COMMERCIAL CENTER OF THE COUNTRY.
THERE'S A VERY GOOD ARGUMENT FOR HAVING IT IN WELLINGTON.
BUT AUCKLAND IS MY PERSONAL TARGET.
THE FACT I LIVE THERE HAS NOTHING TO DO WITH IT, OF COURSE.
SO WHAT I CAN JUST FINISH WITH IS TO SAY, FOR THOSE KIWIS IN THE AUDIENCE WHO ARE INTERESTED AND SEE THE IMPORTANCE IN V6, PLEASE ACTIVELY PARTICIPATE IN THIS INITIATIVE AS WE MOVE FORWARD.
AND I HOPE WE'LL SEE YOU WHEREVER IT IS AT THE IPV6HUI.
TO THE VISITORS TO NEW ZEALAND.
I HOPE YOU'RE ENJOYING YOUR STAY, AND I HOPE YOU WOULD LIKE TO COME BACK.
IF YOU WOULD LIKE TO COME BACK IN AUGUST AND HELP US GET OUR ROADMAP UNDERWAY, I'D BE DELIGHTED AND VERY PLEASED TO SEE YOU.
>>JOHN CRAIN: THANK YOU, ROGER.
I THINK WITH THAT, WE'LL CLOSE DOWN THIS SESSION.
WE'RE OVER TIME.
I'D LIKE TO THANK ALL THE PANELISTS.
I'D ESPECIALLY LIKE TO THANK JORDI, WHO WAS TALKING TO YOU AT WHAT MUST HAVE BEEN ABOUT 3:00 IN THE MORNING HIS TIME.
SO THANK YOU FOR JOINING US ON THE VIDEO, JORDI.
>>JORDI PALET: RIGHT NOW (INAUDIBLE).
>>JOHN CRAIN: THANK YOU, EVERYBODY.
[ APPLAUSE ]

© Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers