Cooperative Agreement Between NSI and U.S. Government

Effective: 1 January 1993

Network Information Services Manager(s) for NSFNET and the NREN: INTERNIC Registration Services


National Science Foundation
1800 G Street, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20550


Network Solutions, Incorporated
505 Huntmar Park Drive
Herndon, VA 20170



National Science Foundation


Network Solutions, Incorporated


Network Information Services Manager(s) for NSFNET and the NREN: INTERNIC Registration Services

Type of Award:

Cost-Plus-Fixed-Fee Cooperative Agreement

Estimated Total Amount:


Effective Date:

January 1, 1993

Expiration Date:

September 30, 1998


This agreement is awarded under the authority of the National Science Foundation Act (R@ U.S.C. 186 et seq.) and the Federal Grant and Cooperative Agreement Act (31 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.)

This agreement is entered into between the United States of America, Hereinafter called the Government, represented by the National Science Foundation, hereinafter called the Foundation or NSF, and Network Solutions, Incorporated, hereinafter called the Awardee.

NSF Program Official:

Donald R. Mitchell
Telephone : 202-357-9717
e-mail: dmitchelf@nsf.gov

NSF Administrative Official:

Altie H. Metcalf
Telephone: 202-357-9843
e-mail: ametcalf@nsf.gov

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties have executed Cooperative Agreement No. NCR-9218742, Network Information Services Manager(s) for NSFNET and the NREN: INTERNIC Registration Services.


Aaron R. Asrael
Grants and Contracts

Roger L.Evans
Chief Financial Officer



Washington, D.C. 20550

Network Solutions, Incorporated
Herndon, VA 22070




Grant General Conditions - GC-1 (10/91)
Cooperative Agreement General Conditions - CA-1 (12/91)


During the past two decades computer networks have facilitated collaboration among members of many research and education communities and provided them with remote access to information and computing resources. These networks have continued to grow both in the number of users connected and in the capabilities provided to the individual users. It is anticipated that such networks will become essential to research and education during this decade. In particular, the collection of interconnected networks known as the Internet has become important for many research communities. It is also of increasing importance for education.

Today more than 5,000 networks comprise the Internet. These networks link together hundreds of thousands of computers and millions of users throughout the world. The domestic, non-military portion of the Internet includes NSFNET. It also includes other federally sponsored networks such as NASA Science Internet (NSI) and Energy Sciences Network (Esnet). NSFNET, NSI, and Esnet, as well as some other networks of the Internet, are related to the National Research and Education Network (NREN) which was defined in the President's Fiscal 1992 budget and which has been authorized by the passage in December, 1991, of the High Performance Computing and Communications Act, Public Law 102-194.

The NREN is projected to evolve from a part of the Internet containing portions of NSFNET, NSI, and Esnet. This evolution will reflect the legal and technical requirements of the various sponsoring agencies. For example, NASA and DOE are mission agencies whose networks' traffic must relate to the agencies' missions. NSF, on the other hand, is chartered to support science and engineering research and education; hence NSFNET can carry all traffic contemplated for the NREN and may in fact support additional traffic as well.

Because of the breadth of the charter of the NSFNET, it is projected that it will continue to serve an expanding base of research and education users. The provision of enhanced network information services for NSFNET will be an important part of the expansion in user base.

In cooperation with the Internet community, the National Science Foundation developed and released, in the spring of 1992, Project Solicitation NSF92-24 for one or more Network Information Services Managers (NIS Manager(s)) to provide and/or coordinate (i) Registration Services, (ii) Director and Database Services, and (iii) Information Services for the NSFNET. As a result of this solicitation, three separate organizations were selected to receive cooperative agreements in the areas of (i) Registration Services, (ii) Directory and Database Services, and (iii) Information Services. Together, these three awards constitute the NIS Manager(s) Project.

It is essential that the three project participants selected work closely together to provide a seamless interface for users in need of services. For this reason, the three awardees, at the request of the Foundation, have developed a detailed concept and plan to provide this seamless interface called the "INTERNIC," have revised their proposals to reflect the implementation of the "INTERNIC" concept, and have agreed to the structuring of their three (separate) awards as one collaborative project. This Cooperative Agreement for Registration Services is one of the three (3) collaborative awards resulting from the NIC Manager(s) Project solicitation.

It is anticipated that all registration services required during the period of this Agreement will be obtained and furnished under the terms of this Agreement and that the definition and providing of these services will help facilitate the evolution of the NSFNET and the development of the NREN. References to NSFNET in this Agreement should in general be understood to include the NREN as well.


A. Collaborative Proposals and Effort(s)

1. An important aspect of the Awardee's work is coordination with the Network Information Services Managers for (i) Database and Directory Services (AT&T under Cooperative Agreement NCR-9218179) and (ii) Information Services (General Atomics under Coop erative Agreement NCR-9218749) to provide a "seamless interface" for internet users in accordance with the "INTERNIC" concept explicated in the Awardee's revised proposal dated October 19, 1992. Hereafter in this agreement, Awardee's two collaborating pa rtners, General Atomics and AT&T, shall be referred to as Collaborators and Awardee shall coordinate its performance hereunder with the efforts of its Collaborators in accordance with the "INTERNIC" concept explicated in the Awardee's revised proposal dat ed October 19,1992. The NSF Program Official reserves the authority to resolve technical, managerial, or scheduling disputes.

2. This requirement for close collaboration and coordination among the three aspects of the Network Information Services Management Project shall be stated in each of the three awards. Such collateral agreements and fund transfers consistent with the cu rrently approved Program Plan (see Article9) as may be necessary to effect the coordination, collaboration and seamless interface to users called for by the "INTERNIC" concept or improve the overall integration of the NIS Manager(s) Project may be entered into by, between and among the Awardee and its Collaborators without further Foundation approvals. Absent a specific inclusion in the approved Program Plan, Awardee fund transfers made pursuant to this Article may not exceed $50,000 in any Program Year.

B. Directed Activities

At the request of the NSF Program Director, as set forth in article 13 (below), the Awardee shall attend such meetings, seminars, conference and planning and other events and shall provide such related supplies and services as necessary to promulgate info rmation regarding registration activity to the worldwide internet community and to facilitate the most effective, efficient and ubiquitous registration services possible.


A. The Awardee shall provide to non-military internet users and networks all necessary registration services (which were) previously provided by the Defense Information Systems Agency Network Information Center(the DISA NIC).

B. The work will be performed in general accordance with NSF Project Solicitation NSF 92-24 for Network Information Services Manager(s) for the NSFNET and the NREN, the Awardee's proposal No. NCR-9218742, dated September 23,1992, amended by Awardee's supplemental proposal addressing collaborative INTERNIC activity, dated October 19, 1992, hereinafter referred to cumulatively as Awardee's Proposal, and in conformance with the technical and/or performance requirements contained therein and set forth below.

C. The Awardee shall provide registration services in accordance with the provisions of RFC 1174. As stated in RFC 1174:

[T]he Internet system has employed a central Internal Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) for the allocation and assignment of various numeric identifiers needed for the operation of the Internet. The IANA function is currently performed by the Universit y of Southern California's Information Sciences Institute. The IANA has the discretionary authority to delegate portions of this responsibility and, with respect to numeric network and autonomous system identifiers, has lodged this responsibility with an Internet Registry (IR).

D. Moreover, in cooperation with the IANA, the IR may create delegate registries to carry out registration services for specified domains.

E. The Awardee shall work with the DISA NIC to design and implement a transition plan, as outlined in Awardee's Proposal, that will minimize inconvenience to the networking community during and after the transition.

F. The Non-military internet registration services to be provided under this agreement will initially include, but not be limited to, the following:

1. Domain name registration
2. Domain name server registration
3. Network number assignment
4. Autonomous system number assignment

G. Possible future changes in the registration services provided under this Agreement may include, but shall not be limited to, the use of alternate registration/numbering systems or schemes and the imposition of a user based fee structure. However, in no case shall any user based fee structure be imposed or changed without the express direction/approval of the NSF Program Official.


A. The following describes the required turnaround and availability of Registration data:

1. 3 working days/Class C
2. 5 working days/Class B
3. 22 working days/Class A

B. Turnaround is the time from receipt of a completed template, and any information pertaining to network topology and usage of previously assigned address space as may be specifically requested in individual cases, to the assignment of a number. Availability is the provision of the registration data to the INTERNIC Database and Directory Services Awardee.

C. The quality of Awardee's registration services will be measured in accordance with the formulae contained in Section J of Awardee's revised proposal of September 23, 1992 and in light of the turnaround times specified above.


A. Estimated Requirements

The registration services currently required for the performance of this Cooperative Agreement are described above. The registration services described above are only an estimate of the immediate and long-term requirements of the scientific research an d education community and are furnished for planning purposes only. Since the future needs of the scientific research and education community are unknown at this time, the Foundation reserves the right to increase, decrease or modify the quantity, quality, content or nature of the registration services to be provided hereunder. Should the Foundation exercise the right to increase, decrease or modify the quantity, quality, content or nature of the registration services provided hereunder, appropriate cha nge to estimated costs, fees, and funding schedules for shall be negotiated and incorporated into the Agreement.

B. Performance Review

By December 31, 1994, the Foundation will review the project to determine whether to continue funding and to provide general direction as to the continuation and contemplated level of future support to be provided for the remainder of the agreement.


A. Awardee

The Awardee has primary responsibility for ensuring the quality, timeliness and effective management of the registration services provided under this agreement. To the extent that NSF does not reserve specific responsibility for accomplishing the purpo ses of this Agreement, by either special condition or general condition of the Agreement, all such responsibilities remain with the Awardee.

B. National Science Foundation

1. General

NSF has responsibility for registration services support, support planning, oversight, monitoring, and evaluation. NSF will make approvals required under the General Conditions and, where necessary and appropriate, NSF will contact and negotiate with Federal agencies and other national and International members of the Internet community to further the efforts of this project.

2. Technical

a. Program Officer Authority

Performance of work under this Cooperative Agreement shall be subject to the general oversight and monitoring of the NSF Program Officer. This involvement may include, but is not limited to:

(1) Review of the Quarterly and Annual Reports, Program Plans and Budget.
(2) Participation in resolution of technical, managerial and scheduling concerns; review and, where required by the Agreement, approval of technical reports and information to be delivered by Awardee.

b. Limitations

NSF technical involvement will be consistent with the general statement of work as stated in this Agreement. The Program Officer does not have the authority to and may not:

(1) request additional work outside the Statement of Work;
(2) issue instructions which constitute a change as defined in Article 8 of GC-1(10/91);
(3) require an increase in the Agreement's estimated cost or extension to the Agreement's period of performance, or;
(4) change any of the expressed terms, conditions or specifications of the Agreement.

c. Awardee Notifications

If, in the opinion of the Awardee, any instructions or requests issued by the Program Officer are within one of the categories as defined in (1) through (4) in the above paragraph, the Awardee shall not proceed but shall notify the NSF Grants and Contracts Officer and shall request, if appropriate, amendment of the Agreement in accordance with Article 37, "Changes -- Limitations of Funds," of the Attached Cooperative Agreement General Conditions.

3. Approvals

Unless stated otherwise, all NSF approvals, authorizations, notifications and instructions required pursuant to the terms of this agreement must be set forth in writing by the NSF Grants and Contracts Officer.


This Agreement, effective January 1, 1993, shall include a three month phase-in period, a five (5) year period of operational support (commencing April 1, 1993), and a six month (no additional cost) flexibility period and shall continue through September 30, 1998.


A. Agreement Amount

The current total estimated amount of this Cooperative Agreement, exclusive of such amounts as may be provided in connection with Directed Activities provided pursuant to Article 11 (below) is $5,219,339 of which [ Proprietary Figures Omitted ]

B. Allotted Amount(s)

1. There is currently allotted and available for expenditure for provision of registration services under this agreement, exclusive of amounts allotted for Directed Activities(as shown in paragraph 3, below), $1,162,245, of which [ Proprietary Figures Omitted ]

2. Amounts anticipated to be needed for reimbursement of costs incurred in connection with Directed Activities as provided pursuant to Article 11 (below) are not included in the allotted amount(s) shown in paragraph 8.C, below. Amounts for directed act ivities may be allotted from time to time throughout the period of this agreement.

3. There is currently allotted and available for expenditure in connection with reimbursement for directed activities under this agreement $0.

C. Obligation

For purposes of payment of the Foundation's portion of all allowable costs (including those incurred in connection with the performance of Directed Activities in accordance with Article 11 below) pursuant to the terms outlined in this Agreement, the tot al amount currently allotted by the Government to this Cooperative Agreement is $1,162,245. This allotment covers performance through March 31, 1994.

D. Limitation of Funds

1. The parties estimate that performance of this Cooperative Agreement will not cost the Government more than the estimated amount specified in Article 8.A, Agreement Amount, above. The Awardee shall use its best efforts to perform the work specified in Article 3 and all obligations under this award within the allotted funds.

2. Paragraph C of this Article specifies the cumulative amount presently available for payment by the Government and allotted to this award. The parties contemplate that the Government will allot additional funds incrementally to the award up to the full estimate specified in Article 8.A, Agreement Amount, above.

3. The Awardee shall notify the NSF Grants and Contracts Officer in writing whenever it has reason to believe that the costs it expects to incur under this Agreement in the next 60 days, when added to all costs previously incurred, will exceed 85% of the total amount so far allotted to the Agreement by the Government.

4. When and to the extent that the amount allotted by the Government is increased, any costs the Awardee incurs before the increase that are in excess of the amount previously allotted by the Government, shall be allowable to the same extent as if incur red afterward.

E. Compensation and Expenditures

1. As compensation for its performance under this agreement, Awardee shall be compensated for its direct and indirect costs (see Article 8.E.3) and shall be paid a fixed fee as provided in this agreement.

2. The Awardee shall also be reimbursed for such travel and related costs as may be specifically required and approved by the NSF Program Director pursuant to Article 11 (below). Expenditures under this agreement must be in accordance with a current Bud get or Program Plan which as been approved by the NSF Grants Officer and no reallocation of funds in excess of $10,000 between budget line items is permitted without prior written (or e-mail) approval of the NSF Program Official.

3. The amount currently allotted includes an indirect cost allowance at the following maximum provisional rates, subject to downward adjustment only:

Internet Services [ Proprietary Figure Omitted ]
Material Burden [ Proprietary Figure Omitted ]
G&A [ Proprietary Figure Omitted]

F. Future Allotments

The actual level of continued NSF support for future years will be negotiated annually with the Awardee and will depend upon annual review of progress, the proposed Program Plan and the availability of funds. The actual funding of such allotments may b e provided unilaterally by NSF on an incremental basis.


By December 31 each year, the Awardee shall submit both electronically and in 10 hard copies an Annual Report, Program Plan and Budget to the Foundation for approval. These Program Plans and Budgets shall be submitted in a format and level of detail approved by the Foundation but shall, as a minimum, contain project goals and objectives specified with sufficient technical criteria, milestones, and timetables to measure the progress of the effort toward the attainment of objectives during the time period for which it is being submitted. This Program Plan will be the basis for the performance goals and funding for succeeding twelve month operational period beginning April 1. Each submission should contain narrative information indicating (for the past year's activities) by functional area and overall; any goals accomplished, exceeded, or missed and explaining any significant deviations from the previous year's plan; any educational achievements; patents, copyrights, or other innovations resulting from the activities; industrial and other funding, income and contributions. Each annual submission should also contain information on actual line charges and expenditures (both annual and cumulative) by functional area and overall, in the same level of detail for which it projects the succeeding year's costs, and a summary budget in accordance with NSF Form 1030. The Awardee will receive formal approval of the Program Plan from the NSF Grants Officer. The Foundation accepts (i) the Awardee's proposal as the Program Plan covering the period April 1, 1993, through May 31, 1994; and (ii) the budgets dated October 19, 1992, as the approved budgets for the period January 1, 1993, through May 31, 1994.


A. Timely Notification of Significant Problems

The Awardee shall inform the NSF Program Official (either by e-mail or in writing) in a timely manner of any significant problems or events that could affect the overall schedule or progress in the program.

B. Verbal Reports, Collaboration Briefings and Liaison

1. The Awardee shall meet on an informal basis, as necessary or requested, with the NSF Program Director to review progress to date and to exchange views, ideas, and information concerning the program. During the initial three (3) month phase in period, and thereafter until notified by the NSF Program Director, a weekly status review meeting shall be held to discuss the progress of the transition/phase in, including any problems or delays encountered and changes occasioned by same. (Such weekly status review meetings may be held by telephone and the substance thereof confirmed via e-mail when agreed.

2. The Awardee and Collaborators shall jointly meet, as requested, with the NSF Program Director to detail the progress and discuss the status of the collaboration effort and any difficulties being encountered in providing to the Internet community the seamless interface service envisioned by their collaborative proposal and called for in Article 2 in (above). It is currently contemplated that, at least during the first twelve (12) months of the award, such meetings shall be held quarterly at either NSF, the Awardee's or Collaborator's facilities.

3. When requested by the NSF Program Director, Awardee shall arrange to have its subawardees in attendance at meetings which deal with their areas of activity. In addition, at the request of the NSF Program Director, the Awardee shall arrange on-site meetings for the Program Officer, other Federal staff and/or representatives of the world-wide Internet community and the Awardee's professional personnel, and/or those of its subawardees.

C. Monthly Letter Progress Reports

Monthly letter progress reports may be submitted electronically to the NSF Program Official and NSF Administrative Official at the address shown on the cover page. These (monthly letter progress) reports shall be submitted in such detail and format as required by the Foundation's Program Director and shall contain statistical and narrative information on the performance of the Awardee during the preceding month.

D. Quarterly Status Report

1. Awardee shall prepare and furnish electronically and in four hard (4) copies quarterly letter status reports; the first quarterly status report will be for the period from January 1,1993, through March 31, 1993. These reports shall show the status of all major events and summaries and major work performed during the quarter, including technical status, accomplishments, problems, collaboration activities, changes in future plans, and any pending requests for NSF approval and should be fully reconciled with the information, goals and projections contained in the Annual Report and Program Plan. The report shall also include a summary of award expenditures and line charges both cumulative and for the current quarter.

2. The report shall be prepared on a quarterly basis and shall be submitted within (30) days after the reporting period ends. No quarterly report need be submitted for the quarter in which the Annual Reports are submitted, but, Awardee must insure that any germane information for the quarter not contained in the Annual Report (i.e., list of pending requests for NSF approval) and submitted by separate letter.

E. Final Report

The Awardee shall submit electronically and in ten hard (10) copies a final report to NSF at the conclusion of the Cooperative Agreement. The final report shall contain a description of all work performed and problems encountered (and if requested a copy and documentation of any and all software and data generated) in such form and sufficient detail as to permit replication of the work by a reasonably knowledgeable party or organization.

F. Submission of Reports

All reports and Program Plans are to be forwarded to the Foundation electronically. Hard copies of reports are indicated to be forwarded in the specified number of copies to the following destinations:

No. of Copies Addressee
National Science Foundation 
e-mail: awilson@nsf.gov 
ATTN: Alfred W. Wilson 
Division of Grants and Agreements, Room 495 
Arlington, VA 22230 [Amend 01] 
National Science Foundation 
e-mail: dmitchel@nsf.gov 
ATTN: Donald Mitchell 
Division of Networking and Communications Research and Infrastructure, Room 1175 
Arlington, VA 22230 [Amend 01]


From time to time the NSF Program Director may require the Awardee to attend such meetings, seminars, conferences and planning and other events and/or to provide related supplies and services as necessary to disseminate information regarding registration services activity to the worldwide Internet community and/or to facilitate the most effective, efficient and ubiquitous registration services possible on an expedited basis. In such a case, the following procedures will be followed;

A. The NSF Program Director shall request, by e-mail, the Awardee's attendance or special services required and an estimate by the Awardee of any reimbursable costs involved;

B. Awardee shall submit to the NSF Program director, by e-mail, its estimate of any such reimbursable costs involved; and

C. the NSF Program Director shall forward to the Awardee a letter directive requesting that the travel be performed and/or the special services be provided and specifying the maximum amount that Awardee will be reimbursed for its efforts pursuant to the letter directive.

D. Pursuant to such a letter directive, Awardee may incur costs against the "Directed Activities" amounts included in the approved budget provided (i) that the costs so incurred do not exceed the maximum amount specified in the letter directive and (ii) provided also that the awardee may not incur costs under a letter directive if such costs, when combined with costs incurred under other letter directives will exceed the amount allotted for directed activities as set forth in Article 8.B.2 (above).


A. The following individuals are considered key personnel and essential to the work:

Alan S. Williamson
John Zabluski

B. Any changes in the individual (s) or significant changes in their proposed level of effort as set forth in the approved Program Plan for any period requires the prior written approval of the NSF Grants and Contracts Officer.


Any inconsistency in this Cooperative Agreement shall be resolved by giving precedence in the following order (a) the Special Provisions; and (b) Grant General Conditions (5/94) and Cooperative Agreement General Conditions (5/94). [Amend 01]


A. All news releases, public information brochures, publications and other similar items (not limited to printed media, and including video, etc., prepared by Awardee, subawardees, and/or their employees or contractors which describe activities or results under this Registration Services Agreement shall:

1. acknowledge the sponsorship of NSF:

2. be sent to NSF in reasonable quantities for project and related NSF distribution before being distributed or shown to the public; and

3. in the case of news releases or public information, be coordinated with and have the approval of the NSF Program Official before release.

B. An acknowledgment of NSF support must appear in any publication of any material, whether copyrighted or not, based upon or developed under this project, in substantially the following terms:

The material is based on work sponsored by the National Science Foundation under Cooperative Agreement No. NCR-9218742. The Government has certain rights in this material.

C. All writings such as reports, books, journal articles, software, data bases, sound recordings, video tapes and video discs, except scientific articles or papers published in scientific, technical or professional journals, must also contain the following disclaimer:

Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.


A. If, and to the extent that Awardee is authorized and/or directed to charge and collect user fees for the Registration Services provided hereunder, any user fees so collected shall be placed in an interest bearing account, and shall be used to defray the Awardee's and the Foundation's Project expenses in the following descending order of priority:

1. Project expenses incurred by Awardee as a result of the imposition of such fees.

2. Project expenses of the Awardee charged to the Foundation under this award. (Program Plans and future year funding requests should reflect any such Income.

3. Project expenses of Awardee's Collaborators charged to the Foundation under their respective Awards. (Program Plans and future year funding requests should reflect any such inform and project fund transfers.

4. The provisions of this Article shall apply only to any Project Income which is generated from the imposition of user based fees on registration services. Article 19, Project Income, of the General Conditions shall apply to project related revenue from any other source [Amend 01].

Comments concerning the layout, construction and functionality of this site
should be sent to webmaster@icann.org.

Page Updated 10-Nov-2002
©2000  The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers. All rights reserved.