Table of Contents
[INSTRUCTION: A Sponsoring Organization's Proposal is to be submitted only as part of applications for sponsored TLDs. It should not be included with applications for unsponsored TLDs. It should be prepared and submitted by either the sponsoring organization or, where the sponsoring organization has not yet been formed, by organization(s) or person(s) proposing to form the sponsoring organization.
Sponsored TLDs will involve a more complex contractual structure. Applicants are urged to evaluate carefully whether to seek a sponsored or unsponsored TLD.
Please place the legend "CONFIDENTIAL" on any part of the Sponsoring Organization's Proposal that you have listed in item F3.1 of your Statement of Requested Confidential Treatment of Materials Submitted.
The Sponsoring Organization's Proposal should be separately bound and labeled: "Sponsoring Organization's Proposal" and should cover Sections I, II, and III below. This page, signed on behalf of the applicant(s), should be included in the Sponsoring Organization's Proposal.]
Please submit a comprehensive description of the structure and nature of the sponsoring organization and the manner in which that organization will conduct its operations, including policy-formulation activities. We strongly recommend retaining professional legal assistance to aid in the formulation of your Sponsoring Organization's Proposal and accompanying documents.
The following documents should be attached to the description:
To the extent applicable and not clear from the attached documents, the description should address the following topics in detail.
The World Health Organization (WHO) is a public international organization and a Specialized Agency of the United Nations, which confers special responsibilities and rights on the Organization. The WHO Constitution was adopted by the International Health Conference in 1946 and entered into force in 1948.
Accompanying this application is a bound copy of the Basic Documents comprising the WHO Constitution, Rules of Procedure for the World Health Assembly and of the Executive Board, Regulations for Expert Advisory Panels and Committees and for Study and Scientific Groups, and Financial and Staff Regulations. It also includes the Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the Specialized Agencies, agreements with the United Nations and with other agencies, and the principles governing relations with non-governmental organizations. A list of Members of WHO and the Statute of the International Agency for Research on Cancer are appended.
Principal location, legal status of the organization, laws under which it is organized, type of organization (for profit, non-profit, corporation, association, etc.).
The World Health Organization is a public international organization and a specialized agency of the United Nations with headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. All countries which are Members of the United Nations may become Members of WHO by accepting its Constitution. Other countries may be admitted as members when their application has been approved by a simple majority vote of the World Health Assembly. Territories which are not responsible for the conduct of their international relations may be admitted as Associate Members upon application made on their behalf by the Member or other authority responsible for their international relations. Members of WHO according to regional distribution (191 Member States ).
For a full list of WHO Member States, see also http://www.who.int/aboutwho/en/member.htm
Regional Office for Africa
Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome-Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Swaziland, Togo, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Regional Office for the Americas
Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico (Associate Member), Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United States of America, Uruguay, Venezuela
Regional Office for South-East Asia
Bangladesh, Bhutan, Dem. People's Rep. of Korea, India, Indonesia, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand.
Regional Office for Europe
Albania, Andora, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Rep., Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Kazakstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Uzbekistan, Non-Member State Observers: Holy See, Liechtenstein.
Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean
Afghanistan, Bahrain, Cyprus, Djibouti, Egypt, Islamic Republic of Iran, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen.
Regional Office for the Western Pacific
Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, China, Cook Islands, Fiji, Japan, Kiribati, Lao People's Dem. Rep., Malaysia, Marshall Is., Federated States of Micronesia, Mongolia, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Tokelau (Associate Member), Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Viet Nam, Western Samoa.
Size of organization, number of officers, directors and advisors, roles/duties of directors and officers and other staff, supporting and/or contributing organizations, affiliates, membership
Structure of WHO
WHO has approximately 6000 staff worldwide, based at headquarters, the six regions, and in countries. The Offices of the World Health Organization are:
The WHO Secretariat is staffed by some 3,800 health and other experts in both professional and general service categories, working at headquarters, in the six regional offices and in countries. The Secretariat is headed by the Director-General, who is appointed by the World Health Assembly on the nomination of the Executive Board. The Director-General is Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland. A chart of WHO structure at headquarters follows at the end of this document.
World Health Assembly
WHO's supreme decision-making body is the World Health Assembly. The Assembly is held, usually in Geneva, in May each year, and is attended by delegations from all Member States. Its main tasks are to approve the biennial programme budget, and to decide on major policy matters.
The Executive Board is composed of 32 individuals technically qualified in the field of health, each one designated by a Member State elected to do so by the World Health Assembly. Member States are elected for three-year terms. The Board meets at least twice a year; the main meeting is normally in January, with a second shorter meeting in May, immediately after the Health Assembly. The main functions of the Executive Board are to give effect to the decisions and policies of the Health Assembly, to advise it and generally to facilitate its work. Please refer to the accompanying Basic Documents for more detailed information.
The Fifty-third World Health Assembly, after considering the recommendations of the General Committee, elected the following as Members entitled to designate a person to serve on the Executive Board: Brazil, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Equatorial Guinea, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Italy, Japan, Jordan, Lithuania, Sweden, Venezuela. (Seventh plenary meeting, 19 May 2000)
WHO receives financial support through budgetary contributions from Member States and through extrabudgetary contributions from a variety of sources.
Functions and mission of the
organization, definition of community to be served (if any), method of ensuring
operation in the interest of the stakeholders of the community to be served and
the Internet at large.
The objective of WHO is the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health. Health, as defined in the WHO Constitution, is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. In support of its main objective, the Organization has a wide range of functions, including the following:
To act as the directing and co-ordinating authority on international health work;
To promote technical co-operation;
To assist Governments, upon request, in strengthening health services;
To furnish appropriate technical assistance and, in emergencies, necessary aid, upon the request or acceptance of Governments;
To stimulate and advance work on the prevention and control of epidemic, endemic and other diseases;
To promote, in co-operation with other specialized agencies where necessary, the improvement of nutrition, housing, sanitation, recreation, economic or working conditions and other aspects of environmental hygiene;
To promote and co-ordinate biomedical and health services research;
To promote improved standards of teaching and training in the health, medical and related professions;
To establish and stimulate the establishment of international standards for biological, pharmaceutical and similar products, and to standardize diagnostic procedures;
To foster activities in the field of mental health, especially those activities affecting the harmony of human relations.
WHO also proposes conventions, agreements, regulations and makes recommendations about international nomenclature of diseases, causes of death and public health practices. It develops, establishes and promotes international standards concerning foods and biological, pharmaceutical and similar substances.
For more details, please refer to the WHO Constitution which accompanies this application as a separate document.
If the organization is intended to serve or represent a particular community, define the community and explain why that definition fits the TLD proposal.
WHO serves its Member States. Two specific elements of the Constitution mandate WHO "to provide information, counsel and assistance in the field of health" and "to assist in developing and informed public opinion among all peoples on matters of health." Thus, in trying to serve "all peoples", the management and operation of a .health domain fits within the scope of WHO's constitutional mandate.
Manner in which the organization will represent and take input from community to be served, the categories of stakeholder to be included in the organization.
WHO acts upon decisions of the World Health Assembly and takes into consideration recommendations made by outside experts. The Organization’s mechanism for input is by long-established means, including but not limited to:
committees are formal committees of experts which
convene to discuss and take action on a given topic.
working groups are working groups formed in
health-related areas ("technical" in this case does not refer to
information technology, but rather to health technology).
Governing bodies, which are the World Health Assembly and Executive Board.
In addition, WHO receives input through its six regional offices and the United Nations Interagency Coordinating Committee, which comprises the United Nations agencies working at the country level.
With respect to the TLD, WHO will also coordinate a decentralized advisory committee, set up specifically to take input and evaluate and refine policy regarding the proposed domain name. As yet, the committee has not been established but is expected to have broad representation among various stakeholders in the area of health information.
Measures taken to promote openness and transparency, access to information, web site use, public posting of information, meeting minutes, notice and comment provisions.
TLD policies will be open to the public, in accordance with applicable standards. WHO will post these policies and corresponding processes on its web site for public access in accordance with current practice. Relevant meeting minutes, notices and comments will be posted in a timely manner on its own and on relevant partner web sites. Relevant notices will be published in a timely fashion in the WHO Bulletin, and in other print vehicles.
The identity and qualifications of the initial directors and staff
The initial management team for the TLD will be:
Dr Michael Scholtz, Special Representative for the Director-General.
Dr Susan Holck, Director, Health Information Management and Dissemination; Evidence and Information for Policy
Dr Joan Dzenowagis, Scientist, Health Information Management and Dissemination; Evidence and Information for Policy
Ms Sima Newell, Information and Communications Technology Advisor, Health Information Management and Dissemination; Evidence and Information for Policy
Ms Barbara Aronson, Librarian, Collection Development, Health Information Management and Dissemination; Evidence and Information for Policy.
Ms Shelomi Dias-Abeyesinghe, Administrative assistant to the team.
Eligibility, method of selection, term of service, compensation, liability, conflicts of interest, resignation, removal, vacancies.
A team within WHO will coordinate the administration of the TLD. This team may change over time but the core team will be comprised of staff at the executive and director levels; professional staff with qualifications in the areas of health policy, information technology, and health communications. Where needed, this team will consult the WHO Legal Office.
Provide a detailed description of the process for formulating policies for the TLD, including a detailed description of the requirements for adoption of different types of policy.
In general, policy will be determined by WHO, acting on decisions of the World Health Assembly and taking into consideration recommendations made by outside experts and other wide consultation processes as appropriate. The general policies and principles of ICANN will be followed, while details for the TLD .health will need further elaboration.
The advisory committee will be in charge of collecting the suggestions for policy changes and when appropriate, or when requested, will elaborate a proposal to be considered by WHO.
During the initial evaluation period, WHO will prepare a monthly report summarizing the comments, suggestions and complaints received from the registrars, the users and any other third party concerning the TLD policy.
The management team will post a request on the web site for public comments regarding any proposed changes that will substantially affect the operation of the TLD. Explanation of the content of the policies being considered, the reason why they are considered and any other relevant aspect regarding those proposals will also be posted on the web site.
WHO will not intentionally adopt policies that interfere or conflict with policies already adopted by ICANN. In case of any conflict, the issue can be submitted to the DNSO for settlement.
Frequency of meetings, location of meetings, provisions for telephone meetings, other methods of communication, generation of minutes for meetings.
The members of the Executive Committee may meet for the dispatch of business, adjourn and otherwise regulate, as they think fit.
Meetings of the management team will be held on an as-needed basis. Advisory committee meetings will be held once a year in Geneva, with videoconferences or teleconferences held once every two months with eMail and listserve communication as the normal means of communication. Minutes will be generated by the team at WHO in Geneva and distributed to the list.
Initial budget, expenses, existing capital, sources of revenue, accounting, audit, annual report and annual statement.
Annual report and annual statement
The WHO financial report and audited financial statements for 1998-1999 are appended.
The budget for the management team exists in the Department of Health Information Management and Dissemination (IMD). Allocation to IMD of funds from Member States’ contributions to WHO for the 2000-2001 biennium total USD16,487,000. Additional sources of extra-budgetary funds are expected to be made available to the department. (Proposed Programme Budget 2002-20003, World Health Organization, Geneva, 2000).
Liability of the organization, directors, officers, and staff.
Please refer to the privileges and immunities enjoyed by WHO under the Host Agreement with the Swiss Federation and the Convention on the Privileges and Immunities.
Procedures for making amendments to the articles of incorporation, bylaws, and other organizational documents.
Amendments to the WHO Constitution can be made by the World Health Assembly only, and require subsequent acceptance by two-thirds of the Member States in accordance with their respective constitutional processes.
Any policy for allowing reconsideration and review of organization policy or implementation decisions
Reconsideration of World Health Assembly resolutions and decisions can only be done by the World Health Assembly. Otherwise, reconsideration of policy/implementation decisions will by done by WHO as per C10.
[INSTRUCTION: This section is intended to address the extent of the policy authority to be delegated, NOT the specific policies proposed. Specific policies should be described in the Description of Proposed TLD Policies part of the application.]
List and describe in detail the areas over which a delegation of policy-formulation authority is sought. For each area in which policy authority is sought, please address:
WHO does not seek exclusive policy authority in any area concerning the .health TLD. WHO proposes to develop policies where needed to manage and operate the proposed TLD with the objective of improving health information on the Internet, consistent with its mandate and mission to serve international public health interests. Variation from existing ICANN policies is not intended at the opening of the new TLD.
[INSTRUCTION: Sponsoring organizations are responsible for securing an initial registry operator for the proposed TLD and ensuring that the registry operator completes the Registry Operator's Proposal. Sponsoring organizations should also enter detailed contracts for the provision of registry operation services. These contracts should address all of the required functions as outlined in the Registry Operator's Proposal.]
Please list the full legal name, principal address, telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail address of the registry operator:
Internet Council of
Please attach one of the following:
C18.2. proposed terms for a contract (i.e. at least a detailed term sheet) with a registry operator for provision of registry services, proof of commitment from the registry operator for provision of services under those proposed terms, and a notation of the estimated date of entry into the contract; or
C18.3. a statement that the sponsoring organization will also serve as the registry operator for the proposed TLD. (In this case, the sponsoring organization must prepare and submit the Registry Operator's Proposal in addition to the Sponsoring Organization's Proposal.)
Memorandum of Understanding (confidential) attached.
By signing this proposal, the undersigned attests, on behalf of the applicant(s), that the information contained in this application, and all supporting documents included with this application, are true and accurate to the best of applicant's knowledge.
Dr Julio Frenk
Name (please print)
Executive Director, Evidence and Information for Policy
World Health Organization
Name of Applicant
29 September, 2000