.POST TLD Application
Table of Contents
This document is a executive summary of the .post domain proposal to ICANN. Its purpose is to provide the document audience (ie. ICANN and UPU members) with a summary of the overall proposal for a .post TLD.
It is based on reflections and discussions with all the founding members of .post and embodies the elements common to their respective strategies.
Top level domain, as in .com, .org, .int and .post
Universal Postal Union – the sponsoring organization for the .post TLD.
Second level domain – a sub-domain under a TLD. Eg. usa.post
Global Postal Trust Services
The .post top level domain (TLD) will be a restricted domain that will provide a trusted environment to serve the information and electronic communication service needs of individuals and organizations around the world.
The Universal Postal Union (UPU) will sponsor the domain and therefore control the policy-formulation activities and overall management of the domain.
For the initial establishment of the .post domain, the provision of registry operation services will be outsourced to CORE of Geneva, Switzerland.
The existing structure of the UPU, comprising the Council of Administration (CA) and the Postal Operations Council (POC) will be enhanced by establishing a .post Management Committee based on the Statutes and Principles of Operation for the Telematics Cooperative. The Management Committee will define all policies regarding issuance of domain names and the operation of the .post domain.
The Management Committee will be comprised of five members, consisting of a representative from the UPU International Bureau and a representative from each of the following Postal Administrations:
· United States Postal Services
· La Poste, France
· Die Post, Switzerland
· Sweden Post , on behalf of the Nordic Countries (Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Finland)
A working group with permanent staff and reporting to the .post Management Committee will be formed to handle the day to day operations, notably accepting and processing applications for the use of .post.
Due to the restricted nature of the .post domain, Second Level Domain (SLD) names will only be issued to UPU members. Each member may apply for an unlimited number of domains. However, they must prove that they have an undisputable right to the domain, in accordance with the naming policy.
For example: the SLD names will be either:
a) the ISO two-digit or three-digit country code or another geographic naming convention (ex. france.post);
b) a “logical” country or postal name, such as “royalmail” for the postal administration of Great Britain;
c) a trading name or trademark registered in multiple countries
d) a name that denotes a worldwide service offering by the UPU; or
e) names that uniquely identify alternate postal administrations within the boundaries of a country, if that postal administration is recognized by the legitimate government of the country as being a bona fide postal administration.
The .post domain will be used for a variety of purposes. Each postal organization will have access to the two and three letter country code designations followed by .post. These will likely be used for the dissemination of information such as post office locations, rates and service information. It is also likely that some postal organizations will seek additional names in the .post domain to more accurately mirror their traditional monikers . It is also possible that a group of postal organizations, the UPU itself or both will create new services which will be registered in the .post domain without the country code qualifier. An example of such a service would be an international hybrid mailing service that allows consumers to create messages in one country and route them through the .post domain to a trusted postal site at the remote end for printing and delivery to the recipient. Only services that are global, and not specific to a single country, will be considered for inclusion as a SLDs.
Subsequent Level Domains will also be available to non-postal organisations, primarily for the purpose of providing a trusted electronic identification. The issuance of Subsequent Level Domains will also be governed by strict policies and processes that will ensure the organization has a legal right to the name requested.
Initially, these non-postal organizations will NOT be allowed to create websites for their .post domain name. These domain names will only be used for creating e-mail addresses to identify individuals or entities belonging to an organization.
Each individual will be authenticated using the Identification and Authentication policies from the UPU’s Global Postal Trust Services (GPTS) Certificate Policy for Individuals and Organizations Identity Certificates for Digital Signature and Non-Repudiation Services.
There will be strict policies governing the use of the domain. The most important element governing the use of the domain will be TRUST. The .post domain will be a label that exhibits trust based on the following principles:
1. Trust that "name".post is held by a party that has the indisputable right to "name".
2. Trust that email@example.com is held by a party that has the indisputable right to name.
3. Trust that a message (web page or email) from name.post or firstname.lastname@example.org actually comes from name.
4. Trust that a service provided by service.post conforms to high (security) standards.
5. Trust that a message sent to email@example.com is delivered to name - if necessary even by physical delivery and optionally a delivery notification sent back to the sender
6. Trust that a message (of some form) existed at a certain point in time
The .post TLD will both serve a community and a market – due to the mixed private and public service nature of Postal Administrations.
The .post TLD will serve the community of Postal Administrations who in turn serve the community at large.
In summary, the .post domain names will be used as a support for Trusted Postal Services which require:
1. identification of the sender
2. integrity of the message
3. identification of the receiver.
By identification we understand :
1. validity of the name
2. validity of the physical address (if there is one)
3. the name is a public official or moral person (eg. mayor), as defined in the national legislations.
As a start, only services which require this are part of this proposal – other services which do not depend on Trusted Postal Services in this way are NOT part of the .post domain.
After the start-up period, policies will be developed which will cover other aspects of the .post TLD.
Many postal administrations are currently offering services to provide an email address to every citizen within their country. One example is that a Postal Administration is currently planning to assign third level domain names to all cities, communes and national administration services to enable email addresses for citizens or employees to be issued under these domains.
For the initial implementation of the .post domain, it is proposed to extend these services in selected countries by providing a .post email address. For example: firstname.lastname@example.org. In addition to the email address the customer will also be given a digital certificate to facilitate secure communications. The issuance of a .post email address will be subject to strict identification and authentication policies. The result will be recognition of a .post email address as a trusted electronic identity. The Trusted Postal Services associated with these email addresses will help the general public accept the internet as a more secure medium.
Other services that can fall into this category are:
· Trusted Time Stamps
· Electronic signatures
· Secure Document Exchange
· Hybrid Mail services
· Address Directory Service
Exactly which services are proposed is up to the Postal Administration – but if they rely on identification of the sender or receiver and the message integrity facilities proposed under .post, then they can be called a ‘Trusted Postal Service’.
A Universal Address Directory Service is also being proposed as a trusted postal service. Obviously such a service would be subject to strict policies concerning the protection of private and confidential information. Therefore, those individuals or organisations that do not want their details published on a directory can rightly choose to have any information made unavailable for public viewing. A Universal Address Directory Service, based on the X.500 Directory standard, would be very similar to a “Global White Pages”. However, its purpose will be to facilitate secure and trusted communication and delivery of information to individuals.
A Postal Address Directory would enable multiple methods of communication within a single service. It would contain multiple addresses and include information such as:
· physical addresses for home, business, holiday locations
· electronic mailbox address (i.e. different from email, an Electronic Post Office Box - in future this may be a separate location for receipt of all electronic communications and services)
· e-mail address
· telephone numbers
· digital certificate
· delivery methods
The Universal Address Directory will enhance existing and provide new Hybrid communication services. For example: I send an email to my mother living in another country. She does not have an email address or access to a computer. Using the Global Directory, the email is printed by the destination Post. The physical address is taken from the Directory and the email becomes a letter, which is delivered by the destination Post. The cost would be based on the cost of a local stamp in the destination country.
These Trusted Postal Services are primarily focused on addressing the weaknesses of today’s internet by providing new services that will enable:
· eMail - trusted transmission of mail and forms.
· eBusiness - trusted B2B and B2C communications (payments, invoices, etc.).
· eBanking - alternative and secure internet payment methods, statements, etc.
Registration of names within the SLDs will be delegated to the UPU member organizations that will be responsible for asserting the validity of the name and its use within the domain. The postal administration of every country in the world will be delegated registrar authority for the SLDs, subject to conformance with UPU expectations for trust and confidentiality. This delegation can be administered by a registrar authority as determined by the postal administration. Delegation of SLD registrar authority will be subject to UPU oversight. This is to ensure that postal administrations worldwide adhere to the public expectation of trust and confidentiality for any internet entity operating under the UPU. Registrars for SLDs for worldwide service offerings will be determined by the UPU.
An applicant will submit a formal request to be an accredited ‘.post Operator’ to the ‘.post Accreditation Service’ of the UPU with the following:
· Full legal description of the applicant with supporting legal proof.
· Statutes of the applicant, proving the Postal Administration nature of the applicant.
· A list of requested domain names with a justification for each (see policies).
· A formally approved business plan that includes the Trusted Postal Services.
· The necessary application fees.
A complete ‘application form’ will be prepared before a final agreement is reached with ICANN on the delegation of authority for .post.
Upon receipt of the application, the ‘.post Accreditation Service’ will acknowledge receipt of the application within 5 (five) business days, inform the applicant if part of the application is incomplete or if complimentary information is required, and schedule the formal review of the application within 20 (twenty) business days.
During this period, the UPU .post Accreditation Service will review all documentation accompanying a request for a .post domain name. The obligation will be on the applicant (Postal Administration) to prove that they have a legal right to use the domain name(s) being requested.
The UPU .post Accreditation Service will publish all requests for .post domain names on the UPU website. There will be a formal process allowing a Postal Administration to formally object to any request for a proposed domain name. The process will accept any objections for a period of 30 days. During the 30 day period, the applicant will be entitled to use the .post domain name(s) on a temporary basis, under the condition that it may be disputed. At the completion of the 30 day period, if no objections are received, the applicant will be granted formal ownership of the domain name. If objections are received, the applicant can continue to use the domain name on a temporary basis and the relevant Dispute Resolution procedures will be employed.
The application dossier will be transmitted to the voting members of the .post Accreditation Service for review and to non-voting experts for comment.
The formal review, done by the ‘.post Accreditation Service’ permanent members, will emit a decision in the form:
1. Accreditation granted
2. Accreditation granted with conditions
3. Accreditation refused with motives.
In case 1 and 2 above, the formal agreement is finalised, signed and put in effect. The ‘.post Accreditation Service’ informs the registrar of the domain name and related information that must be processed.
The formal agreement will be elaborated before a final agreement is reached with ICANN on the delegation of authority for .post.
In case 3 above, the applicant may chose to change the proposal if it is feasible, accept the refusal or request appeal in accordance with the UPU Dispute Resolution Procedures.
Publication of the applications, deliberations and decisions will be done on a .post web site accessible to UPU members, as per existing UPU procedures. Significant sections will be made available to the general public for comments and for information.
During the start-up period, it is anticipated that Postal Administrations will register a combined total of between 400 to 1000 domain names over a 6 month period. In addition, it is estimated that there will be no more than 200 generic postal domain names during this time.
Beyond the initial six months there will be a requirement to register domain names for the customers of Postal Administrations, notably the geographical mapping of domain names. This volume will depend on the Postal Administration’s business plans.
A Postal Administration may assign domain names to all cities, communes and national administration services. This would result in over 30’000 domain names. In all probability, the Postal Administration will become a .post Registrar, using the technical services of an ICANN-accredited Registrar. The planned time frame is 6 to 12 months for completion.
Postal Administrations who use the .post (.post Operators) will be charged :
1. An initial non-refundable application fee of USD $1,000 to $10,000 to cover the costs of examining the request for accreditation as a .post Operator. This fee will be waived for those Postal Administrations who have contributed to the ICANN .post TLD application.
2. An annual fee of USD $1,000 to $10,000 to cover the costs of operating the common components and the policy making activities.
3. A USD $150 fee per domain name requested per 2 year period, covering the costs of pre-screening, registration and registry. Special pricing may be granted for Postal Administrations with limited budgets or bulk requests. This fee will be reduced for those Postal Administrations who have contributed to the ICANN .post TLD application. The reduction will be determined based on the financial contributions towards the .post TLD application.
Postal Administrations who act as .post Registrars will be charged:
1. An initial non-refundable application fee of USD $1,000 to $10,000 to cover the costs of examining the request for accreditation as a .post Registrar.
2. An annual fee of USD $500 to $5,000 to cover the costs of the policy making activities.
3. A royalty of USD $15 per domain name registered per 2 year period.
Fees may be adjusted annually based on the effective costs of operating the .post. However, lack of funds by the postal administration of a developing country will not result in denial of stewardship over that country’s SLD within the domain. The UPU will adjudicate expenses as necessary to ensure that all postal administrations can participate and/or will assist the postal administration in finding solutions with UPU members who possess the necessary infrastructure. The overriding concern will be the effective implementation of the policies to ensure trusted postal services.