ICANN Address Supporting Organization
(1) Purpose and Scope
(a) The Address Supporting Organization (ASO)
is a consensus-based advisory body within the ICANN framework.
(b) The ASO will establish a "Address
Council" and host an annual open meeting (the "General Assembly").
(c) The purpose of this Memorandum of Understanding
(MOU) is to establish a set of principles that ICANN and the regional
IP address registries (RIRs) who have signed below (the Signing RIRs)
will use in forming and operating the ASO. Additional RIRs may join
in signing the MOU after they have been approved by ICANN.
(2) Composition and Action of Address Council
(a) Selection. Each RIR signatory of the MOU
will select three  individuals to the Address Council using the following
(i) Each RIR will annually issue a public
call for nominees to the Address Council at least 90 days before the
RIR's policy meeting. Any individual can submit a nomination to the
(ii) The due date for this call shall be
30 days before the meeting.
(iii) The nominees must be individuals.
(iv) A list of all nominees who agree to
run for the Address Council must be posted on the RIR's web page at
least 15 days before the meeting along with a statement from each
nominee who wishes to make one.
(v) Selection of the RIR's members of the
Address Council will be made via an open and transparent procedure.
The individuals selected for the Address Council must not be staff
members of any RIR.
The term of Address Council members will be 3 years. The initial Address
Council members selected within each region will have staggered terms
of 1, 2 and 3 years. The process by which these initial members are
selected must also determine in an open and transparent manner, the
assignment of terms to each of the initial members.
Any RIR may remove one of its Address Council members during his or
her term, if by an open and transparent process the RIR determines that
that member should for any reason no longer serve on the Address Council.
(d) Action by Address Council.
Unless otherwise specified in this MOU, all actions of the Address
Council shall be taken by majority vote of the total number of members.
Action may be taken at any meeting of the Address Council, which may
be by telephone conference in which all participants can hear all others.
Meetings of the Address Council may be called by request of any three
members of the Address Council, with prior written notice to each of
the other members; prior written notice shall be sent at least 45 days
before physical meetings or fifteen (15) days before telephonic or other
electronic meetings. In order to conduct business at any meeting of
the Address Council, at least a quorum of members must be present; a
quorum shall be present when at least a majority of the members of the
Address Council are present, and when such members represent at least
2/3rds of the Signing RIRs.
(e) Web Site.
The Address Council will arrange for the establishment and maintenance
of a Web site devoted to ASO activities and news (the ICANN/ASO Web
The Address Council will have a Secretary to coordinate administrative
matters relating to the ASO and Address Council. The Secretary's term
of office shall be one year. The position of Secretary will rotate among
the Signing RIRs, with the initial Secretary to be selected by the APNIC,
and subsequent Secretaries to be appointed by a randomly selected Signing
RIR that has not appointed the Secretary in the current rotation.
(g) No Compensation.
Neither the Secretary, nor any Address Council member or designated
ICANN Board member shall be entitled to any compensation or reimbursement
of expenses from the ASO. The ASO shall not be required to obtain insurance
coverage for, or to indemnify, the members of the Address Council or
persons acting in any other capacity by or for the ASO.
(h) Observers from emerging registries.
ICANN may designate an individual representing an RIR in formation
to participate as an observer on the Address Council in order to ease
the transition of such new RIR into the ASO. Any such observers will
be able to participate as AC members, but will not have the right to
(3) ICANN Directors.
(a) The Address Council will appoint Directors
to the ICANN Board of Directors in accordance with the By-laws of ICANN,
for such terms as are specified by such By-laws. ICANN will notify the
Address Council of any vacancies on the ICANN Board which may be filled
by the Address Council.
(b) Ninety days prior to the General Assembly
meeting, ICANN and the Address Council will conduct an open call for
nominations for any potentially open ASO seats on the ICANN board. The
list of nominees generated by this call will be posted on the ICANN/ASO
web site and retained until the next General Assembly meeting and will
be included in the list of individuals that the Address Council will
consider to fill any openings which arise in the ASO seats on the ICANN
board. In addition, each RIR signatory to the MOU is entitled to nominate
candidates by procedures of its own choosing. ICANN will notify the
Address Council when there are any open positions in the ASO seats on
the ICANN board. The Address Council will then select the ASO appointees
to the ICANN board from among the list of nominees generated by the
open call and the nominees put forth by the RIR signatories by a means
of its own choosing. An Address Council member who has accepted a nomination
for the ICANN Board cannot vote or otherwise participate in the AC's
(c) No more than 1 ASO-appointed Director may
come from the same geographic region, as defined in the ICANN by-laws.
(d) No ASO-appointed Director may serve simultaneously
on the Address Council.
(e) The Directors appointed by the Address
Council will not represent the ASO on the Board, but will function as
full Directors of ICANN. (By-laws, Art. V, Sec. 8)
(4) Duties of the Address Council.
(a) Advisory Role. The Address Council will
advise the Board of ICANN on matters referred to the Address Council
by the ICANN Board.
(b) Policy Development.
The ICANN bylaws assign to the ASO the responsibility for the development
of global policies relating to the following areas:
(i) Definition of global policies for the distribution and registration
of Internet address space (currently IPv4 and IPv6);
(ii) Definition of global policies for the distribution and registration
of identifiers used in Internet inter-domain routing (currently BGP
autonomous system numbers); and
(iii) Definition of global policies concerning the part of the DNS
name space which is derived from the Internet address space and the
inter-domain routing identifiers (currently in-addr.arpa and ip6.int).
The ASO advises ICANN on the operation of the DNS root name servers
with regard to the subset of the DNS name space mentioned above.
Specifically this responsibility is limited to the above and does not
extend to the business practices or local policies of the RIRs except
as needed to ensure that the RIRs meet the criteria for ICANN approved
RIRs. The RIRs are responsible to their own members and in most cases
this must be their prime responsibility.
Normally, proposals for global policies within the area of the ASO's
responsibility will be developed within the RIRs and forwarded to the
Address Council for their consideration. In special circumstances the
ICANN board can forward a request to develop a new global policy or
to review an existing global policy within the area of the ASO's responsibility
to the Address Council.
In addition the Address Council may accept, for consideration, proposals
for changes to global IP address policy from any interested individual
In all cases when the Address Council reviews a proposal for new global
policies or a proposed modification to existing policies in this area
it will first solicit the opinions of all of the RIR signatories of
the MOU and of the public. The Address Council will weigh the results
of these solicitations in its deliberations to determine if it will
approve the proposal. At least two thirds of the members of the Address
Council must support a proposal for the proposal to be accepted and
forwarded to the ICANN board for its consideration.
In any case where the ICANN board has requested that the Address Council
develop a new policy within the area of the ASO's responsibility, the
Address Council will forward that request to the RIR signatories of
the MOU. The RIRs will then be given a reasonable time to propose policies
to address the request from ICANN. Any resulting policy will be evaluated
as described above. If an RIR decides, after reviewing the request,
that the request is unreasonable, it can report that opinion to the
Address Council. If the Address Council, after reviewing the responses,
decides that the request is unreasonable or inadvisable, it can report
that opinion to the ICANN board along with the reasons that the Address
Council reached that conclusion.
(5) Annual Open Meeting (General Assembly)
(a) The Address Council will periodically host
an open meeting ("General Assembly") to promote discussion
and receive input regarding the work of the ASO.
(b) A General Assembly meeting will be held
at least once per year, and will permit open participation by all interested
(c) Each General Assembly meeting will be held
in conjunction with an open policy meeting held by a Signing RIR, with
an effort to hold no two  consecutive General Assembly meetings in
the same geographic region.
(6) Open Proceedings and Documents
(a) Communications between ICANN and the ASO.
All formal communications between ICANN and the ASO will be made public
on the ASO web site.
(b) All discussions regarding ASO policy formation
will be conducted on or reported on a publicly-archived mailing list
accessible through the ASO web site. The schedule for the ASO meetings
will be posted 90 days in advance of the meeting date. The agenda for
the Address Council and General Assembly meetings will be posted on
the ASO web site at least 30 days before the meetings. The minutes from
all ASO meetings will be publicly posted on the ASO web site within
30 days of the meeting. In the unlikely event that the policy formation
discussions involve confidential commercial data that was presented
in an address allocation process the above disclosures must be done
in a way to protect the confidentially of that data.
(7) Relationship between individual RIRs and ICANN
Nothing in this MOU is to be read as giving the ASO or the Address
Council any role in the contracts between individual RIRs and ICANN.
(8) Review of MOU
The MOU signatories will periodically review the results and consequences
of their cooperation under the MOU. When appropriate, the signatories
will consider the need for improvements in the MOU and make suitable
proposals for modifying and updating the arrangements and scope of the
MOU. The first such review will be conducted prior to ICANN's Annual
Meeting in 2000. Should any difference of opinion arise during the term
of this MOU regarding the interpretation of this MOU the conditions
prevailing prior thereto shall be maintained.
(9) Regional IP Address Registries
The initial signatories to this MOU shall include ICANN and the Signing
RIRs who have signed below. ICANN will develop requirements and policies
for the approval of additional RIRs. This MOU assumes that these requirements
will include at least:
(a) That the proposed RIR has demonstrated the
broad support of the Internet service providers (ISPs) in its proposed
region of coverage.
(b) That the region of coverage meets the scale
to be defined by ICANN considering the need to avoid global address
(c) That the proposed RIR's membership includes
a significant percentage of the ISPs within the RIR's region of coverage
which would get their address assignments from the proposed RIR.
(d) That the proposed RIR has clearly defined
procedures open to all interested parties for the development of its
own IP address assignment policies and for the IP address assignment
policies that the RIR might recommend to the Address Council for consideration
as global policies.
(e) That these policies include holding at
least one annual policy development meeting open to all interested parties.
(f) That the proposed RIR has clearly defined
procedures for its policy development process that are open to all interested
parties and that ensure fair representation of constituents within the
region of coverage.
(g) That the proposed RIR has demonstrable
capability to effectively implement the RIR global policies referred
to in section 5b of this MOU for the proposed RIR's entire region of
The MOU also assumes that the RIRs have to continue to meet these requirements.
This MOU does not constitute any of the parties as a partner, joint
venture, agent, principal or franchisee of any other party. The waiver
of any provision of this MOU on any occasion shall not constitute a
waiver for purposes of any other occasion. No party may transfer or
assign any interest, right or obligation arising under this MOU without
the prior written consent of each other party to this MOU.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, this Memorandum of Understanding is executed this
18th day of October 1999 by the undersigned, acting through their duly
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