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Description of TLD Policies


III. REGISTRATION RESTRICTIONS (Required for restricted TLDs only)

E16. As noted in the New TLD Application Process Overview, a restricted TLD is one with enforced restrictions on (1) who may apply for a registration within the domain, (2) what uses may be made of those registrations, or (3) both. In this section, please describe in detail the restrictions you propose to apply to the TLD. Your description should should define the criteria to be employed, the manner in which you propose they be enforced, and the consequences of violation of the restrictions. Examples of matters that should be addressed are:

The TLD restrictions are described in E17 through E21.

E17. Describe in detail the criteria for registration in the TLD. Provide a full explanation of the reasoning behind the specific policies chosen.

The restricted portion of the TLD consists of third-level domains where the SLD is a string of one to three digits designated by the ITU (or other applicable authority) as a country code for telephone numbers. No SLD so designated will be registered alone; only combinations of SLDs and third-level domains greater than three digits in length will be registered in the restricted space. In order to register a name in this space, the registrant must be an entity authorized to issue telephone numbers in the country corresponding to the code represented by the SLD. The registrant will only be allowed to register names in the restricted space that are identical digit strings to telephone numbers that the registrant is authorized to issue.

For example:

  • Any person may register the names or

  • Only an authorized party may register the names or

The purpose of this restriction is to facilitate the use of the DNS to provide a global unique identifier for individual users. The use of digits rather than names offers the opportunity to create identifiers that are truly unique and global. Use of character names does not satisfy the need for a unique identifier because many individuals share the same name. Character names also are not truly global because they are language- and character set-specific. The existing system of assigning telephone numbers offers an excellent platform for global unique identifiers within the DNS. The applicant considered allowing individuals to register their own phone numbers in the restricted space. However, such a system would require verification of each individual's right to use the phone number. In addition, the user would be left with a domain name but no obvious application for it. (NOTE: Under the stated restriction, a user may still register a telephone number as an SLD if it either omits the country code or includes both the country code and telephone number in the SLD. The restriction applies only where the country code is the SLD and the telephone number is a third-level domain.)

The proposed restriction offers many advantages. It ensures that there will be no duplicate or inconsistent registrations of names that correspond to telephone numbers. It utilizes the existing, successful system of allocating country codes and telephone numbers, making adoption by service providers and users easier.

The restriction also encourages the development of new services using the Internet and the DNS. It allows authorized service providers to register names, then use them to offer services to their customers linked to telephone numbers. Other providers may also offer new services using names in the new TLD, and they may use any name they wish provided it is not in the restricted space. The restriction ensures that there will be one acknowledged format in the TLD where services linked to telephone numbers will be provided to the proper owner of the phone number.

E18. Describe the application process for potential registrants in the TLD.

Entities wishing to register names in the restricted portion of the TLD will be required to provide a letter to Group One Registry, Inc. attesting that they are authorized by the relevant national and/or international authority to issue telephone numbers in the requested number range.

E19. Describe the enforcement procedures and mechanisms for ensuring registrants meet the registration requirements.

Prospective registrants will be required to have a letter on file as described in E18. Letters must include a verification contact at both the applicant and the authority that has authorized the applicant to issue numbers in the requested range. Group One Registry, Inc. reserves the right to verify the information in the letter prior to issuing a registration in the restricted space.

Group One Registry, Inc. will make available to all accredited registrars a list of providers who have approved letters on file, and the range of domain names covered by the letters.

E20. Describe any appeal process from denial of registration.

A company whose request to register names has been declined may present additional supporting evidence that the applicant is the authorized issuer of telephone numbers in the range requested as domain names. Upon presentation of such evidence satisfactory to Group One Registry, Inc., the denial of registration will be reversed. If indeed the applicant is the properly authorized entity, there is no risk that someone else will have properly registered the desired names, because only one entity will be authorized for a specific range of names.

E21. Describe any procedure that permits third parties to seek cancellation of a TLD registration for failure to comply with restrictions.

If a party believes a registration has been granted to another party that was not entitled to the registration, it may present Group One Registry, Inc. with evidence that the complaining party is the duly authorized issuer of telephone numbers within the requested range. Group One Registry, Inc. will verify any such claim with the relevant authorizing authority, and will abide by that authority's decision in assigning the registration.


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