Buenos Aires is the capital of Argentina, the second largest country in Latin America, and itself the second largest city of South America. It is located on the western shore of the estuary of the Río de la Plata, on the southeastern coast of the South American continent.
The city is the political, financial, industrial, commercial, and cultural hub of Argentina. Its port is one of the busiest in South America; navigable rivers by way of the Rio de la Plata connect the port to north-east Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay and Paraguay. As a result it serves as the distribution hub for a vast area of the south-eastern region of the continent.
Buenos Aires is rated one of the 20 largest cities in the world and has been ranked as the most important global city and competitive marketplace of Latin America. It is the most visited city in South America and the second most visited city across Latin America. It is also one of the most important, largest and most populous of South American capitals. Buenos Aires is a top tourist destination, and is known for its European style architecture and rich cultural life with the highest concentration of theatres in the world.
Buenos Aires is the site of the Teatro Colón, an internationally rated opera house. There are several symphony orchestras and choral societies. The city has numerous museums related to history, fine arts, modern arts, decorative arts, popular arts, sacred art, arts and crafts, theatre and popular music, as well as the preserved homes of noted art collectors, writers, composers and artists. The city is home to hundreds of bookstores, public libraries and cultural associations (it is sometimes called "the city of books. Every November, "La noche de los Museos" (Night of Museums) is celebrated. On this day, most of the museums of the city are open all night long. Buenos Aires is also very active in street art, with major murals everywhere in the city.
Being the most important in Argentina, Buenos Aires serves as the hub for other touristic destinations, such as the Iguazu's Falls, Patagonia, the Cuyo zone and many others. The variety of means of transportation is diverse (plane, bus, etc.) and availability for accommodation must be checked with anticipation.